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This page hosts the current proposed Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles and Definition v1.0.  The statement of principles is a high-level overview of the ideals of open-source hardware.  The definition is an attempt to apply those ideals to a standard by which to evaluate licenses for hardware designs.
 
This page hosts the current proposed Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles and Definition v1.0.  The statement of principles is a high-level overview of the ideals of open-source hardware.  The definition is an attempt to apply those ideals to a standard by which to evaluate licenses for hardware designs.
  
To endorse the Open Source Hardware Definition 1.0, please add your name (and affiliation)  
+
To endorse the Open Source Hardware Definition 1.0, please add your name (and affiliation) [[#Endorsements|below]].
[http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW#Endorsements below]
 
  
[http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW_older_drafts Older drafts of the definition are also available].  
+
[[OSHW older drafts|Older drafts of the definition are also available]].
  
Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [http://www.openhardwaresummit.org/compiled-feedback/ here]
+
Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [https://www.izlettin.com/]
  
If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW_draft work-in-progress draft]. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.
+
If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the [[OSHW draft|work-in-progress draft]]. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.
  
  
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
+
''Please join the conversation about the definition [https://www.izlettin.com/watch/AXpeYGAokelRzHJ]''
  
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0 ==
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0 ==
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== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0 ==
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0 ==
  
''OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the [http://opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition] for Open Source Software and [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW_older_drafts draft OSHW definition 0.5]. The definition is derived from the [http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition], which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available [http://www.eyebeam.org/projects/Opening-hardware here].''
+
''OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the [http://opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition] for Open Source Software and [https://www.izlettin.com]. The definition is derived from the [http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition], which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available [http://www.eyebeam.org/projects/Opening-hardware here].''
 
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
 
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
  
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Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a term for tangible artifacts -- machines, devices, or other physical things -- whose design has been released to the public in such a way that anyone can make, modify, distribute, and use those things. This definition is intended to help provide guidelines for the development and evaluation of licenses for Open Source Hardware.
 
Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a term for tangible artifacts -- machines, devices, or other physical things -- whose design has been released to the public in such a way that anyone can make, modify, distribute, and use those things. This definition is intended to help provide guidelines for the development and evaluation of licenses for Open Source Hardware.
  
It is important to note that hardware is different from software in that physical resources must always be committed for the creation of physical goods. Accordingly, persons or companies producing items ("products") under an OSHW license have an obligation not to imply that such products are manufactured, sold, warrantied, or otherwise sanctioned by the original designer and also not to make use of any trademarks owned by the original designer.
+
Hardware is different from software in that physical resources must always be committed for the creation of physical goods. Accordingly, persons or companies producing items ("products") under an OSHW license have an obligation to make it clear that such products are not manufactured, sold, warrantied, or otherwise sanctioned by the original designer and also not to make use of any trademarks owned by the original designer.
  
 
The distribution terms of Open Source Hardware must comply with the following criteria:
 
The distribution terms of Open Source Hardware must comply with the following criteria:
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a)  The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.
 
a)  The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.
  
b) The necessary software is released under an OSI-approved open source license.
+
 
 
 
'''4. Derived Works'''
 
'''4. Derived Works'''
  
The license shall allow modifications and derived works, and shall allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original work.  The license shall allow for the manufacture, sale, distribution, and use of products created from the design files, the design files themselves, and derivatives therof.
+
The license shall allow modifications and derived works, and shall allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original work.  The license shall allow for the manufacture, sale, distribution, and use of products created from the design files, the design files themselves, and derivatives thereof.
 
   
 
   
 
'''5. Free redistribution'''
 
'''5. Free redistribution'''
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== Licenses and Hardware ==
 
== Licenses and Hardware ==
  
In promoting Open Hardware, it is important not to unintentionally deceive designers regarding the extent to which their licenses actually can control their designs. Under U.S. law, and law in many other places, copyright does not apply to electronic designs. Patents do. The result is that an Open Hardware license can in general be used to restrict the ''plans'' but probably ''not'' the manufactured devices or even restatements of the same design that are not textual copies of the original. The applicable section of copyright law is 17.102(b), which says:
+
In promoting Open Hardware, it is important to make it clear to designers the extent to which their licenses actually can control their designs. Under U.S. law, and law in many other places, copyright does not apply to electronic designs. [[Patent]]s do. The result is that an Open Hardware license can in general be used to restrict the ''plans'' but ''not'' the manufactured devices or even restatements of the same design that are not textual copies of the original. The applicable section of copyright law is 17.102(b), which says:
  
 
:''In no case does copyright protection for an original work of authorship extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.''
 
:''In no case does copyright protection for an original work of authorship extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.''
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The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.  
 
The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.  
  
* [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW/translations/portuguese Portuguese]
+
{{:OSHW/tanawat}}
* [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW/translations/spanish Spanish]
+
 
* [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW/translations/japanese Japanese]
+
== Logo repository ==
 +
 
 +
The open source hardware logo lives at [https://www.izlettin.com].
 +
 
 +
https://i2.wp.com/www.oshwa.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/oshw-logo-800-px.png
  
 
== Endorsements ==
 
== Endorsements ==
  
OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of {{REVISIONYEAR}}/{{REVISIONMONTH}}/{{REVISIONDAY}}.
+
OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of {{TANAWAT}}/{{TANAWAT}}/{{TANAWAT}}.
  
 
Please feel free to add (''your own'' names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.
 
Please feel free to add (''your own'' names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.
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''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
 
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
  
 +
* Aaron Clarke, [http://AaronClarke.com] [http://blog.EmbeddedCoding.com EmbeddedCoding.com]
 +
* Aaron Harper, [http://www.lobosavvy.com Lobo Savvy Technologies] and [http://aheadresearch.com Ahead Research Corporation]
 +
* Abhimanyu Singh Udawat, [http://www.explorelabs.com/ Explore Labs]
 +
* Adam Cooper, [http://jisc.cetis.ac.uk CETIS]
 
* Adam Mayer, [http://www.makerbot.com/ Makerbot Industries]
 
* Adam Mayer, [http://www.makerbot.com/ Makerbot Industries]
* Andrew Meyer
+
* Adam N. Ward, [http://wardyprojects.blogspot.co.uk/p/open-source-sram-memory-board.html Wardy's Projects]
 
* Adam Wolf, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
 
* Adam Wolf, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
* Addie Wagenknecht and Stefan Hechenberger [http://labs.nortd.com/ Nortd Labs]  [http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]  [http://lasersaur.com/ Lasersaur]
+
* Addie Wagenknecht and Stefan Hechenberger [http://labs.nortd.com/ Nortd Labs]  [http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]  [https://www.izlettin.com/ Lasersaur]
 +
* Adviye Ayça Ünlüer [http://www.yildiz.edu.tr Yildiz Technical University]
 +
* Ahmet Alpat, [http://arduinoturkiye.com Arduino Türkiye] [http://ahmetalpat.com Elektrik, Elektronik, Enerji]
 
* Akiba, [http://www.freaklabs.org/ FreakLabs]
 
* Akiba, [http://www.freaklabs.org/ FreakLabs]
 +
* Albert Monés [http://www.replicat.es replicat.es]
 +
* Alberto Fabiano [https://garoa.net.br/wiki/Noite_do_Arduino Garoa Hacker Clube]
 +
* Alex Glow, [http://hackster.io/glowascii Hackster]
 +
* Alex Hübner, [http://www.la.logicalis.com Logicalis] and [https://sdq.io SDQ.io]
 +
* Alexander Olikevich [http://www.openfablab.org OpenFabLab]
 
* Alexander Ruiz [http://www.ingeniosolido.com Ingenio Sólido S.A.S]
 
* Alexander Ruiz [http://www.ingeniosolido.com Ingenio Sólido S.A.S]
 
* Alexis Sánchez [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
 
* Alexis Sánchez [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
Line 121: Line 134:
 
* Amanda Wozniak, [http://www.ninjas.org/ Ninja Networks]
 
* Amanda Wozniak, [http://www.ninjas.org/ Ninja Networks]
 
* Amon Millner [http://scratch.mit.edu/ Scratch & MIT], [http://www.olin.edu/ Olin College], and [http://modk.it/ Modkit]
 
* Amon Millner [http://scratch.mit.edu/ Scratch & MIT], [http://www.olin.edu/ Olin College], and [http://modk.it/ Modkit]
 +
* Anand Tamboli [http://www.knewron.co.in/ Knewron]
 
* André Menks [http://multilogica-shop.com/ Multilógica-shop]
 
* André Menks [http://multilogica-shop.com/ Multilógica-shop]
 +
* Andreas Olofsson [http://www.parallella.org Parallella]
 
* Andrew Back [http://oshug.org Open Source Hardware User Group]
 
* Andrew Back [http://oshug.org Open Source Hardware User Group]
 +
* Andrew Katz [http://www.moorcrofts.com Moorcrofts LLP]
 +
* Andrew Meyer
 
* Andrew Plumb, [http://clothbot.com/wiki/Main_Page ClothBot Designs]
 
* Andrew Plumb, [http://clothbot.com/wiki/Main_Page ClothBot Designs]
 
* Andrew Sliwinski [http://www.omnicorpdetroit.com/ OmniCorpDetroit]
 
* Andrew Sliwinski [http://www.omnicorpdetroit.com/ OmniCorpDetroit]
 
* Andrew Stone, [http://www.toastedcircuits.com Toasted Circuits]
 
* Andrew Stone, [http://www.toastedcircuits.com Toasted Circuits]
* Andy Gelme, [http://hackmelbourne.org Connected Community HackerSpace], Melbourne, Australia and [http://geekscape.org Geekscape Pty. Ltd.]
+
* Andrew Wenzlaff [http://containrain.com Contain Rain]
 +
* Andy Gelme, [http://hackmelbourne.org Connected Community HackerSpace], Melbourne, Australia and [https://www.izlettin.com.]
 +
* Andy Wickert, [http://www.northernwidget.com Northern Widget LLC]
 
* Anil Kumar Pugalia ([http://profession.sarika-pugs.com Pugs' Passion])
 
* Anil Kumar Pugalia ([http://profession.sarika-pugs.com Pugs' Passion])
 +
* Anool Mahidharia [http://www.wyolum.com/ WyoLum]
 +
* Anthony Clay, [http://www.zarthcode.com ZarthCode LLC]
 +
* Arthur Wolf, [http://smoothieware.org Smoothie]
 
* Asim Baig, [http://www.tinkeract.com/ Tinkeract]
 
* Asim Baig, [http://www.tinkeract.com/ Tinkeract]
 
* Ayah Bdeir, [http://www.littleBits.cc littleBits.cc]/[http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]/[http://www.creativecommons.org Creative Commons]
 
* Ayah Bdeir, [http://www.littleBits.cc littleBits.cc]/[http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]/[http://www.creativecommons.org Creative Commons]
Line 133: Line 155:
 
* Ben Leduc-Mills [http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~ctg/Craft_Tech.html Craft Technology Lab]
 
* Ben Leduc-Mills [http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~ctg/Craft_Tech.html Craft Technology Lab]
 
* Ben Lipkowitz, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://reprap.org/ reprap]
 
* Ben Lipkowitz, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://reprap.org/ reprap]
 +
* Benjamin Gaulon, [http://www.recyclism.com/ Recyclism]
 +
* Benjamin Gray, [http://www.phenoptix.com/ phenoptix]
 +
* Bergmann Markus [http://morethanfunctional.org/ morethanfunctional]
 
* Bernard Pratz, [http://hackable-devices.org hackable:Devices]
 
* Bernard Pratz, [http://hackable-devices.org hackable:Devices]
 
* Bernt Weber, [http://www.splashelec.com/ Splashelec]
 
* Bernt Weber, [http://www.splashelec.com/ Splashelec]
 +
* Bertrand Le Roy [http://www.nwazet.com Nwazet]
 
* Bhagyashri Sharangpani, [http://www.bhasha.co.cc/ Bhasha Technologies]
 
* Bhagyashri Sharangpani, [http://www.bhasha.co.cc/ Bhasha Technologies]
 
* Bill Shaw [http://inanimatereason.com/ Inanimate Reason]
 
* Bill Shaw [http://inanimatereason.com/ Inanimate Reason]
 +
* Bob Jacobsen [http://jmri.org JMRI]
 +
* Bob Moore [https://titoma.com/ Titoma]
 +
* Bob Waldron [http://makerplane.org/ MakerPlane]
 
* Boseji [http://m8051.blogspot.com Electronics For Bharat]|[http://adharlabs.in A.D.H.A.R Labs]
 
* Boseji [http://m8051.blogspot.com Electronics For Bharat]|[http://adharlabs.in A.D.H.A.R Labs]
 
* Brandon Stafford, [http://rascalmicro.com Rascal Micro]
 
* Brandon Stafford, [http://rascalmicro.com Rascal Micro]
 
* Brett Hagman, [http://roguerobotics.com/ Rogue Robotics], [http://wiring.org.co/ Wiring]
 
* Brett Hagman, [http://roguerobotics.com/ Rogue Robotics], [http://wiring.org.co/ Wiring]
 +
* Brian Collins, [http://hacromatic.com/ Hacromatic]
 +
* Brian Rayburn
 +
* Brian Harling, [http://modtronicsaustralia.com/ Modtronics Australia]
 
* Bryan Bishop, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://humanityplus.org/ Humanity+]
 
* Bryan Bishop, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://humanityplus.org/ Humanity+]
* Cécile Montagne, [http://open-devices.com open-devices]
+
* bunnie [http://bunniestudios.com/ bunniestudios]
 +
* Carmen Gonzalez, [http://opensolarcircuits.cc] DreamAddictive
 
* Carmen Trudell [http://www.fluxxlab.com Fluxxlab]
 
* Carmen Trudell [http://www.fluxxlab.com Fluxxlab]
 +
* Carrie Miller [https://www.waterfiltershq.com/ IoT water filters]
 
* Carson Reynolds [http://www.k2.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/members/carson/carson-e.html University of Tokyo]
 
* Carson Reynolds [http://www.k2.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/members/carson/carson-e.html University of Tokyo]
 
* Catarina Mota, [http://openmaterials.org openMaterials]
 
* Catarina Mota, [http://openmaterials.org openMaterials]
 +
* Cathal Garvey, [http://www.indiebiotech.com Indie Biotech]
 +
* Cécile Montagne, [http://open-devices.com open-devices]
 +
* Cesar Harada [http://protei.org/ Protei, sailing drones]
 
* Charles Collis, [http://www.adciv.org AdCiv.org]
 
* Charles Collis, [http://www.adciv.org AdCiv.org]
 
* Charles Edward Pax, [http://www.makerbot.com/ Makerbot Industries]
 
* Charles Edward Pax, [http://www.makerbot.com/ Makerbot Industries]
Line 150: Line 187:
 
* Chris Anderson, [http://www.diydrones.com/ 3D Robotics/DIY Drones]
 
* Chris Anderson, [http://www.diydrones.com/ 3D Robotics/DIY Drones]
 
* Chris Jefferies, Tinaja Labs
 
* Chris Jefferies, Tinaja Labs
* Christopher Lee, [http://www.australianrobotics.com.au/ Australian Robotics]
+
* Chris Novello, [http://www.illucia.com/ illucia instruments]
 
* Chris Walker, [http://www.netduino.com Netduino] [http://www.secretlabs.com Secret Labs]
 
* Chris Walker, [http://www.netduino.com Netduino] [http://www.secretlabs.com Secret Labs]
 
* Christian Siefkes, [http://www.keimform.de/ keimform.de]
 
* Christian Siefkes, [http://www.keimform.de/ keimform.de]
 +
* Christopher Lee, [http://www.australianrobotics.com.au/ Australian Robotics]
 
* Constantin Craciun [http://harkopen.com/ Harkopen.com - open source hardware community]
 
* Constantin Craciun [http://harkopen.com/ Harkopen.com - open source hardware community]
 +
* Dali Ben Aleya, [http://www.ec-o-project.org/ EC-O: Provide recovered materials based DIY solutions]
 
* Dan Clark [http://gzero.org GroundZero Labs]
 
* Dan Clark [http://gzero.org GroundZero Labs]
 +
* Daniel Andarde [http://www.danielandrade.net Daniel Andrade - art.electronics.tech]
 
* Daniel Garcia [http://www.protostack.com Protostack]
 
* Daniel Garcia [http://www.protostack.com Protostack]
 +
* Daniel Reetz [http://www.diybookscanner.org DIY Book Scanner]
 +
* Daniel Yucra [http://www.somoslibres.org SomosLibres.org Perú]
 +
* Darsh Shah [http://darshshah.blogspot.com/ Blog]
 
* Dave Borghuis [http://tkkrlab.nl TkkrLab hackerspace]  
 
* Dave Borghuis [http://tkkrlab.nl TkkrLab hackerspace]  
 
* Dave Hrynkiw [http://www.solarbotics.com/ Solarbotics Ltd.], [http://www.hvwtech.com/ HVW Technologies]
 
* Dave Hrynkiw [http://www.solarbotics.com/ Solarbotics Ltd.], [http://www.hvwtech.com/ HVW Technologies]
Line 163: Line 206:
 
* David Cuartielles, [http://arduino.cc Arduino] [http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/topic,52581.0.html OSHW_Spanish]
 
* David Cuartielles, [http://arduino.cc Arduino] [http://arduino.cc/forum/index.php/topic,52581.0.html OSHW_Spanish]
 
* David Gascón, [http://www.libelium.com Libelium], [http://www.cooking-hacks.com Cooking-Hacks]
 
* David Gascón, [http://www.libelium.com Libelium], [http://www.cooking-hacks.com Cooking-Hacks]
 +
* David L. Jones, [http://www.eevblog.com EEVblog]
 +
* David Lang, [http://www.OpenROV.com OpenROV]
 
* David Reyes Samblás Martínez [http://www.tuxbrain.com/ Tuxbrain]
 
* David Reyes Samblás Martínez [http://www.tuxbrain.com/ Tuxbrain]
 
* David Siren Eisner, [http://www.inmojo.com InMojo]
 
* David Siren Eisner, [http://www.inmojo.com InMojo]
 +
* Deepak Pareek [http://www.hnyb.co/ HnyB Inc.]
 +
* Deepak Shrivastava
 +
* Demetris Rouslan Zavorotnitsienko [http://www.gizmoforyou.com/ GizmoForYou]
 +
* Derek Elley [https://www.ponoko.com/ Ponoko]
 
* Diego Spinola [http://www.hackeneering.com/ Hackeneering]
 
* Diego Spinola [http://www.hackeneering.com/ Hackeneering]
* Dilshan R Jayakody [http://www.nanoleaf.net/ nanoLEAF]
+
* Dilshan R Jayakody [http://jayakody.info jayakody.info]
 +
* Dimitri Albino [http://smartmaker.org smARtMAKER]
 +
* D'sun Labs [http://dsunlabs.com/]
 
* Dumitru Stama [http://dics.voicecontrol.ro/ dicsEE]
 
* Dumitru Stama [http://dics.voicecontrol.ro/ dicsEE]
 
* Dustyn Roberts, [http://www.dustynrobots.com/ dustynrobots]
 
* Dustyn Roberts, [http://www.dustynrobots.com/ dustynrobots]
* Ed Minchau, [http://www.magicalrobotics.com/ Magical Robotics]
+
* Dominic Muren, [http://www.dominicmuren.com/ The Humblefactory]
 +
* Ed Minchau, [https://canlidiziizlesene.com/ Canlı Dizi izle]
 +
* Emanuele Bonanni aka EmanueleEMC, [http://it.emcelettronica.com/ Elettronica Open Source]
 +
* Emre Gökçe Çimen [http://www.eg-ar.com/ Eg-ar Design]
 +
* Eric Anderson [http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~andersoe/ Carnegie Mellon University]
 
* Eric Boyd [http://www.sensebridge.net/ sensebridge]
 
* Eric Boyd [http://www.sensebridge.net/ sensebridge]
 +
* Eric Herman [http://freesa.org/ FreeSA]
 
* Eric Michaud [http://www.i11industries.com i11 Industries]
 
* Eric Michaud [http://www.i11industries.com i11 Industries]
 +
* Eric Pan [http://seeedstudio.com/ Seeed Studio]
 +
* Antonio [https://www.wellpcb.com/ WellPCB]
 
* Eric Thompson [http://lowvoltagelabs.com/ Low Voltage Labs]
 
* Eric Thompson [http://lowvoltagelabs.com/ Low Voltage Labs]
 +
* Ethan Zonca [http://protofusion.org ProtoFusion]
 +
* Fabien Royer [http://www.nwazet.com Nwazet]
 +
* Faisal Omar Aljabri [http://www.faisalomar.com]
 
* Federico Lucifredi [http://www.novell.com/linux/ SUSE Linux]
 
* Federico Lucifredi [http://www.novell.com/linux/ SUSE Linux]
 +
* Francisco Cordova [http://www.e-terminal.org/ e-Terminal Foundation]
 +
* Francisco Malpartida [http://www.electrofunltd.com/ electroFUN]
 +
* Frank Piller, [http://tim.rwth-aachen.de/ rwth-aachen university]
 +
* Freddy Deniau
 
* Frédéric Jourdan, [http://shop.snootlab.com Snootlab]
 
* Frédéric Jourdan, [http://shop.snootlab.com Snootlab]
* Frank Piller, [http://tim.rwth-aachen.de/ rwth-aachen university]
+
* Gabriella Levine, [https://sites.google.com/a/opensailing.net/protei/ Protei], [http://itp.nyu.edu/itp/ ITP]
 +
* Gareth Coleman, [http://www.refab-space.org/w/doku.php?id=projects:managed_a_b_switch layer zero labs]
 
* Geoffrey L. Barrows, [http://www.centeye.com Centeye, Inc.] and [http://www.embeddedeye.com Embedded Eye]
 
* Geoffrey L. Barrows, [http://www.centeye.com Centeye, Inc.] and [http://www.embeddedeye.com Embedded Eye]
* George Hadley, [http://nbitwonder.com NBitWonder]
+
* Gilles Reyna
 +
* Giovanni Lostumbo, [http://openwetware.org/wiki/User:Giovanni_Lostumbo GNUBioPhotoVoltaic]
 +
* Glyn Hudson, Trystan Lea and Suneil Tagore [http://openenergymonitor.org OpenEnergyMonitor]
 
* Graham Bicknell
 
* Graham Bicknell
 
* Greg Grossmeier, [http://grossmeier.net Open Evangelist]
 
* Greg Grossmeier, [http://grossmeier.net Open Evangelist]
 
* Greg Krsak
 
* Greg Krsak
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/ Dizi izle]
 +
 +
* Gregor Gross [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 +
* Gregory Gage, [http://backyardbrains.com Backyard Brains]
 +
* Guo haoyun [http://bjmakerspace.com/]
 +
* Gustav Karlsson [http://www.karlssonrobotics.com/ Karlsson Robotics]
 +
* Hannah Perner-Wilson [http://www.plusea.at Plusea] [http://www.howtogetwhatyouwant.at How To Get What You Want]
 +
* Hans Scharler [http://iobridge.com ioBridge] [http://thingspeak.com ThingSpeak]
 +
* Hao Zhang [http://bjmakerspace.com BJMakerspace]
 
* Hélio Pereira
 
* Hélio Pereira
 
* Helio Ribeiro da Silva Filho
 
* Helio Ribeiro da Silva Filho
* Hans Scharler [http://iobridge.com ioBridge] [http://thingspeak.com ThingSpeak]
+
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/yemin-170-bolum-izle/ Yemin 170.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/hercai-29-bolum-izle/ Hercai 29.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/payitaht-abdulhamid-105-bolum-izle/ Payitaht Abdülhamid 105.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/arka-sokaklar-539-bolum-izle/ Arka Sokaklar 539.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/babil-2-bolum-izle/ Babil 2.Bölüm izle]
 +
 
 +
* Henrik Denhart [http://denhart.dk Denhart]
 +
* Hojadurdy Durdygylyjov [http://www.curiousmindsdev.com Curious Minds Development]
 
* Hong Phuc Dang [http://fossasia.org/ FOSSASIA]
 
* Hong Phuc Dang [http://fossasia.org/ FOSSASIA]
 +
* Hong Phuc Dang [https://www.izlettin.com videoizle]
 +
* Hristian Daskalov [http://opensourceuni.org/ The Open Source University]
 +
* Ian Daniher, [http://nonolithlabs.com Nonolith Labs]
 +
* Ian Lee [http://blog.ianlee.info Software & Sawdust]
 +
* Ivan Jorge Boesing, [http://www.brfirst.org FIRST Brazil]
 
* J. Simmons [http://mach30.org/ Mach 30: Foundation for Space Development]
 
* J. Simmons [http://mach30.org/ Mach 30: Foundation for Space Development]
 +
* Jaco du Plessis [http://www.hbnet.co.za hbnet Private Internet Services]
 +
* Jakub Kákona, [http://www.mlab.cz MLAB] [http://www.ust.cz UST]
 
* James Grahame, [http://reflexaudio.com Reflex Audio] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
 
* James Grahame, [http://reflexaudio.com Reflex Audio] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
 +
* Jarryd Bekker [http://www.lattra.com/ Lattra]
 +
* Jasmin Skenderi [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 +
* Jason Huggins [http://bitbeam.org Bitbeam]
 
* Jason Veneman, [http://intelligenate.com Intelligenate]
 
* Jason Veneman, [http://intelligenate.com Intelligenate]
* Jasmin Skenderi [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 
 
* Jatinderjit Singh, [http://www.embisys.com Embisys]
 
* Jatinderjit Singh, [http://www.embisys.com Embisys]
* Jean Demartini, [http://www.demtech.net DEMTECH - Sophia-Antipolis - France]
+
* Jayson Tautic, [http://www.tautic.com TAUTIC ELECTRONICS LLC]
 +
* Jean Demartini, [http://www.occox.fr DEMTECH - Sophia-Antipolis - France]
 
* Jean-Marc Giacalone, [http://www.emakershop.com eMAKERshop]
 
* Jean-Marc Giacalone, [http://www.emakershop.com eMAKERshop]
 
* Jeff Karney [http://jkdevices.com JK Devices]
 
* Jeff Karney [http://jkdevices.com JK Devices]
Line 196: Line 290:
 
* Jeff Moe, [http://www.alephobjects.com/ Aleph Objects, Inc.]
 
* Jeff Moe, [http://www.alephobjects.com/ Aleph Objects, Inc.]
 
* Jeff Saltzman, [http://jmsarduino.blogspot.com/ Jeff's Arduino Blog]
 
* Jeff Saltzman, [http://jmsarduino.blogspot.com/ Jeff's Arduino Blog]
* Jim Barkley, [http://www.mitre.org/ The MITRE Corporation]
+
* Jeffrey Antony, [http://jeffrey.co.in Jeffrey's Personal Website]
 +
* Jeremy Blum, [http://www.jeremyblum.com/ JeremyBlum.com] [http://www.creativemachines.org Cornell University Creative Machines Lab]
 +
* Jeremy Elson, [https://www.lectrobox.com Lectrobox]
 +
* Jeremy Saglimbeni, [http://thecustomgeek.com/ thecustomgeek.com]
 
* Jimmie P. Rodgers [http://jimmieprodgers.com/ JimmiePRodgers.com]
 
* Jimmie P. Rodgers [http://jimmieprodgers.com/ JimmiePRodgers.com]
 +
* Jinbuhm Kim (김진범) [http://ateamventures.com/ ATEAM VENTURES]
 
* Joan Espinoza [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
 
* Joan Espinoza [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
 
* Joel Murphy [http://www.rachelselectronics.com/ Rachel's Electronics] [http://www.newschool.edu/parsons/mfa-design-technology/ Parsons D+T]
 
* Joel Murphy [http://www.rachelselectronics.com/ Rachel's Electronics] [http://www.newschool.edu/parsons/mfa-design-technology/ Parsons D+T]
Line 203: Line 301:
 
* John Lejeune, [http://hackable-devices.org h:D]
 
* John Lejeune, [http://hackable-devices.org h:D]
 
* John M. De Cristofaro
 
* John M. De Cristofaro
 +
* John Tarbox [http://www.bitsconnect.com/ BitsConnect.com]
 
* Johnny Russell [http://ultimachine.com/ UltiMachine]
 
* Johnny Russell [http://ultimachine.com/ UltiMachine]
 
* Jon Kuniholm, [http://openprosthetics.ning.com/ The Open Prosthetics Project]
 
* Jon Kuniholm, [http://openprosthetics.ning.com/ The Open Prosthetics Project]
 +
* Bilgi Sitesi [https://www.hergunyenibilgi.com/ Bilgi Sitesi]
 
* Jon Masters [http://www.jonmasters.org/ www.jonmasters.org]
 
* Jon Masters [http://www.jonmasters.org/ www.jonmasters.org]
 
* Jonathan Dahan, [http://www.islandlabs.org/ Island Labs]
 
* Jonathan Dahan, [http://www.islandlabs.org/ Island Labs]
 +
* Jonathan Minchin [http://www.cross-innovation.com]
 
* Jonathan Oxer, [http://www.freetronics.com/ Freetronics]
 
* Jonathan Oxer, [http://www.freetronics.com/ Freetronics]
 +
* Jorel Lalicki, [http://lib3.com/ LIB3 Inc.- Open Source Hardware for Experimenters]
 +
* Jorge Alberto Silva [http://www.cdiritesco.mx/ CDIR ITESCO]
 +
* Jose M. de la Fuente [http://n00b0t.tikitake.com/ n00b0t][http://mm8.tikitake.com/ mm8]
 +
* Josef Pruša [http://josefprusa.cz] RepRap developer
 +
* Joseph Di Carlo
 +
* Joseph Gray [http://www.911media.org/ 911 Media Arts Center, Seattle] [http://projbox.org projBox]
 
* Joseph H Althaus
 
* Joseph H Althaus
* Joseph Di Carlo
+
* Josh Boughey [http://www.soundwidgets.com The Stribe Project]
* Josef Průša [http://josefprusa.cz] RepRap developer
 
 
* Joshua D. Johnson [http://sites.google.com/site/protobotindustries/ Protobot Industries] physical prototyper/inventor
 
* Joshua D. Johnson [http://sites.google.com/site/protobotindustries/ Protobot Industries] physical prototyper/inventor
 +
* Juan Gonzalez-Gomez [http://www.iearobotics.com/ Iearobotics.com] Researcher on robotics
 
* Juergen Neumann, [http://www.ohanda.org/ OHANDA - Open Source Hardware and Design Alliance]
 
* Juergen Neumann, [http://www.ohanda.org/ OHANDA - Open Source Hardware and Design Alliance]
 
* Julien Rouviere, [http://openscb.org/ OpenSCB]
 
* Julien Rouviere, [http://openscb.org/ OpenSCB]
 +
* Julio Carrillo, University of Los Andes-Venezuela [http://www.revolutionofmaking.blogspot.com]
 +
* Keith Braafladt
 +
* Ken Burns, [http://www.akrosense.com/ AkroSense]
 +
* Kenneth Liu, [http://arduino.tw/ Arduino in Taiwan]
 
* Kevin Townsend, [http://www.microbuilder.eu/ www.microBuilder.eu]
 
* Kevin Townsend, [http://www.microbuilder.eu/ www.microBuilder.eu]
 
* Koichi Takagi, [http://www.nagoya-cu.ac.jp/ Nagoya City University]
 
* Koichi Takagi, [http://www.nagoya-cu.ac.jp/ Nagoya City University]
 +
* Kyle Wiens, [http://www.ifixit.com/ iFixit]
 +
* Lawrence "Lemming" Dixon [http://hsbne.org/ HSBNE.org] Hackerspace Brisbane
 +
* Leah Buechley, [http://hlt.media.mit.edu/ MIT Media Lab, High-Low Tech]
 
* Lenore Edman, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 
* Lenore Edman, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 +
* Leslie Garcia, [http://lessnullvoid.cc/ DreamAddictive, Astrovandalistas]
 +
* Lex Blagus, [http://dehydrator.tumblr.com/ OpDehy]
 
* Limor Fried, [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Limor Fried, [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Louis Montagne, [http://bearstech.com Bearstech]
 
* Louis Montagne, [http://bearstech.com Bearstech]
 
* Lubos Medovarsky, [http://accelera-networks.com Accelera Networks]
 
* Lubos Medovarsky, [http://accelera-networks.com Accelera Networks]
 
* Luigi Carnevale, [http://www.droids.it/ Droids]
 
* Luigi Carnevale, [http://www.droids.it/ Droids]
 +
* Mike Dong [https://www.pcbgogo.com/ PCBGOGO]
 +
* Marcin Jakubowski, [http://opensourceecology.org/ Open Source Ecology]
 +
* Marcio Roberto da Silva Oliveira, [https://ufgd.edu.br/ Federal University of Grande Dourados]
 
* Marcus A. Link [http://www.manupool.de Manupool - A Product Development Community]
 
* Marcus A. Link [http://www.manupool.de Manupool - A Product Development Community]
 
* Mario Behling, [http://mbm.vn/ MBM]
 
* Mario Behling, [http://mbm.vn/ MBM]
 +
* Mario Vernari, [http://highfieldtales.wordpress.com/ Highfieldtales]
 +
* Mark Carew, [http://openbuilds.org OpenBuilds]
 +
* Mark A. Cooper, [http://smoothieware.org/ Smoothie]
 
* Mark McComb, [http://www.hacktronics.com/ hacktronics]
 
* Mark McComb, [http://www.hacktronics.com/ hacktronics]
 +
* Mark Wolf, [https://www.maleetronic.com/ Maleetronic]
 +
* Marty Schrader, [http://www.parsecsystemsinc.com/ Parsec Technologies, Inc.]
 
* Massimo Banzi [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino]
 
* Massimo Banzi [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino]
 +
* Mathilde Berchon [http://www.makingsociety.com MakingSociety]
 +
* Mats Engstrom [http://www.smallroomlabs.com SmallRoomLabs]
 +
* Mats Undén
 +
* Matt Westervelt [http://metrixcreatespace.com/ Metrix Create:Space]
 
* Matthew Beckler, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
 
* Matthew Beckler, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
 
* Matthew Slater [http://communityforge.net Community Forge]
 
* Matthew Slater [http://communityforge.net Community Forge]
 
* Matthieu Quadrini [http://openscb.org OpenSCB]
 
* Matthieu Quadrini [http://openscb.org OpenSCB]
 +
* Michael James [http://opensourcehardwarejunkies.com OSHJunkies]
 
* Michael Krumpus [http://nootropicdesign.com/ nootropic design]
 
* Michael Krumpus [http://nootropicdesign.com/ nootropic design]
 
* Michael McPherson
 
* Michael McPherson
 
* Michael Ossmann, [http://greatscottgadgets.com/ Great Scott Gadgets]
 
* Michael Ossmann, [http://greatscottgadgets.com/ Great Scott Gadgets]
 +
* Michael Ruppe
 
* Mike Provenzano, Progunn Industries
 
* Mike Provenzano, Progunn Industries
 
* Mitch Altman [http://cornfieldelectronics.com/ Cornfield Electronics]
 
* Mitch Altman [http://cornfieldelectronics.com/ Cornfield Electronics]
 
* Mitch Patterson(mitpatterson) [http://mitchstechblog.wordpress.com/ Mitch's Tech Blog]
 
* Mitch Patterson(mitpatterson) [http://mitchstechblog.wordpress.com/ Mitch's Tech Blog]
 +
* Sessiz Bir Yer izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/sessiz-bir-yer-izle]
 +
* Venom izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/venom-izle]
 +
* Morgaine Dinova [[User:Morgaine_Dinova|[1]]], lecturer and consultant
 +
* Moritz von Buttlar [http://www.opensource-solar.org/ Opensource-Solar]
 
* Morten I. Larsen
 
* Morten I. Larsen
 +
* Muzhichkov Alexander [http://www.eliving.space eliving.space]
 +
* Naoufel Razouane [http://openfab.tn OpenFab Tunisia]
 
* Nathan Seidle [http://www.sparkfun.com SparkFun Electronics]
 
* Nathan Seidle [http://www.sparkfun.com SparkFun Electronics]
 
* Nicholas C Lewis [http://reprapbreeding.blogspot.com/ A RepRap Breeding Program]
 
* Nicholas C Lewis [http://reprapbreeding.blogspot.com/ A RepRap Breeding Program]
 +
* Nicolas Lassabe [http://www.artilect.fr Artilect FabLab Toulouse]
 +
* Nicolas Saugnier [http://xevel.org XD Team blog]
 
* Nis Sarup
 
* Nis Sarup
 +
* Noah Shibley [http://www.n0m1.com Nomi Design]
 +
* Noel Bautista [http://www.makerdude.com Maker Dude]
 +
* Nuri Erginer [http://www.gnexlab.com/ gnexlab]
 +
* Oldrich Horacek [http://hwkitchen.com/ HW Kitchen]
 +
* Oguz Alp Tan [http://www.oguzalptan.com/ SEO ideas]
 +
* Paolo Patierno, [http://dotnetcampania.org/blogs/paolopat/default.aspx DevExperience]
 +
* Partha Pratim Ray [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=489&Itemid=603 Sikkim University]
 
* Patrick Korkuch
 
* Patrick Korkuch
 +
* Patrick Lloyd
 +
* Paul Armstrong
 +
* Paul Badger, [http://moderndevice.com Modern Device]
 
* Pavol Rusnak, [http://brmlab.cz hackerspace brmlab]
 
* Pavol Rusnak, [http://brmlab.cz hackerspace brmlab]
 +
* Pete Brown [http://10rem.net 10rem.net]
 +
* Pete Prodoehl [http://rasterweb.net/raster/ RasterWeb!]
 
* Peter Kirn, [http://createdigitalmusic.com Create Digital Music] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
 
* Peter Kirn, [http://createdigitalmusic.com Create Digital Music] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
 
* Phillip Torrone, [http://www.makezine.com/ MAKE magazine] [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Phillip Torrone, [http://www.makezine.com/ MAKE magazine] [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Pierce Nichols [http://logos-electro.com Logos Electromechanical LLC]
 
* Pierce Nichols [http://logos-electro.com Logos Electromechanical LLC]
 +
* Pierre Padilla [http://biomakerslab.wixsite.com/home] Biomakers Lab
 +
* Pierrick Boissard [http://igrebot.fr/ I-Grebot robotics association]
 +
* Çukur 84.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cukur-84-bolum-izle-v05]
 +
* Çukur 3.Sezon 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cukur-3-sezon-17-bolum-izle-f112]
 +
* Yasak Elma 65.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/yasak-elma-65-bolum-izle-d54]
 +
* Vuslat 37.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/vuslat-37-bolum-izle]
 +
* Zalim İstanbul 27.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zalim-istanbul-27-bolum-izle]
 +
* Sefirin Kızı 5.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/sefirin-kizi-5-bolum-izle-s096]
 +
* Kadın 79.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kadin-79-bolum-izle-k35]
 +
* Çocuk 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cocuk-17-bolum-izle-c13]
 +
* Şampiyon 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/sampiyon-17-bolum-izle]
 +
* Payitaht Abdülhamid 105.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/payitaht-abdulhamid-105-bolum-izle]
 +
* Tutunamayanlar 3.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/tutunamayanlar-3-bolum-izle]
 +
* Zümrüdüanka 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zumruduanka-2-bolum-izle-f63]
 +
* Savaşçı 90.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/savasci-90-bolum-izle-h055]
 +
* Mucize Doktor 19.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/mucize-doktor-19-bolum-izle-b46]
 +
* Ferhat ile Şirin 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/ferhat-ile-sirin-8-bolum-izle-m123]
 +
* Güvercin 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/guvercin-8-bolum-izle-y34]
 +
* Kuzey Yıldızı ilk Aşk 18.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kuzey-yildizi-ilk-ask-18-bolum-izle-v134]
 +
* Hekimoğlu 4.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/hekimoglu-4-bolum-izle]
 +
* Eşkiya Dünyaya Hükümdar Olmaz 155.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/eskiya-dunyaya-hukumdar-olmaz-155-bolum-izle-e584]
 +
* Hercai 29.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/hercai-29-bolum-izle-f703]
 +
* Bir Zamanlar Çukurova 52.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/bir-zamanlar-cukurova-52-bolum-izle-m155]
 +
* Kuruluş Osman 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kurulus-osman-8-bolum-izle-p109]
 +
* Doğduğun Ev Kaderindir 3.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dogdugun-ev-kaderindir-3-bolum-izle]
 +
* Afili Aşk 30.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/afili-ask-30-bolum-izle]
 +
* Benim Adım Melek 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/benim-adim-melek-17-bolum-izle]
 +
* Babil 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/babil-2-bolum-izle-v01]
 +
* Ramo 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/ramo-2-bolum-izle-c24]
 +
* Zemheri 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zemheri-2-bolum-izle-d39]
 +
* Wonder Woman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/wonder-woman-izle]
 +
* Shazam 6 Güç izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/shazam-6-guc-izle]
 +
* Aquaman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/aquaman-izle]
 +
* O Bölüm 2 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/it-2-o-bolum-2-izle]
 +
* O - It [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/o-it-izle]
 +
* Joker izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/joker-izle-2019]
 +
* Batman V Superman Adaletin Şafağı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/batman-v-superman-adaletin-safagi-izle]
 +
* Godzilla 2 Canavarlar Kralı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/godzilla-2-canavarlar-krali-izle]
 +
* Justice League Adalet Birliği izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/justice-league-adalet-birligi-izle]
 +
* Fantastik Canavarlar Nelerdir, Nerede Bulunurlar izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/fantastik-canavarlar-nelerdir-nerede-bulunurlar-izle]
 +
* Fantastik Canavarlar 2 Grindelwald'ın Suçları izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/fantastik-canavarlar-2-grindelwaldin-suclari-2018-izle.html]
 +
* Hobbit 2 Smaug'un Çorak Toprakları izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/hobbit-smaugun-corak-topraklari-izle]
 +
* Hobbit Beklenmedik Yolculuk izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/hobbit-beklenmedik-yolculuk-izle]
 +
* Superman Çelik Adam izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/superman-celik-adam-izle]
 +
* İlk Yenilmez Kaptan Amerika izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/ilk-yenilmez-kaptan-amerika-izle]
 +
* Kaptan Amerika Kış Askeri izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/kaptan-amerika-kis-askeri-izle]
 +
* Iron Man 2 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/iron-man-2-izle]
 +
* Demir Adam izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/demir-adam-1-izle]
 +
* Iron Man 3 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/iron-man-3-demir-adam-izle]
 +
* Thor izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-1-izle]
 +
* Thor Ragnarok izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-3-ragnarok-izle]
 +
* Thor Karanlık Dünya izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-2-karanlik-dunya-izle]
 +
* Avengers izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-1-the-avengers-izle]
 +
* Yenilmezler Son Oyun izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-4-endgame-izle]
 +
* Yenilmezler Ultron Çağı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-2-ultron-cagi-izle]
 +
* Örümcek Adam Eve Dönüş izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/orumcek-adam-eve-donus-izle]
 +
* Örümcek Adam Evden Uzakta izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/orumcek-adam-evden-uzakta-izle]
 +
* İkizler Projesi izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/ikizler-projesi-izle]
 +
* Malefiz Kötülüğün Gücü izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/malefiz-2-kotulugun-gucu-izle]
 +
* Jumanji Yeni Seviye izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/jumanji-yeni-seviye-izle]
 +
* Jumanji Vahşi Orman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/jumanji-vahsi-orman-izle]
 +
* Terminatör Kara Kader izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/terminator-6-kara-kader-izle]
 +
* 6 Underground izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/6-underground-izle]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-1]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-2]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-3]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-4]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-5]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-6]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/izle/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-1-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-2-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-3-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-4-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-5-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-6-bolum-izle/]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-1-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-2-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-3-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-4-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-5-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-6-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* Pip Jones [http://www.deepend.com.au Deepend]
 +
* Prashant Khandelwal [http://midnightprogrammer.net midnightprogrammer.net]
 +
* R. Scott Plunkett, [http://www.openqi.com/ The OpenQi Project]
 +
* Raf Wawer [http://www.ancientcrafts.org Ancient Crafts and Arts Society]
 
* Rafael Barmak [http://www.ovnilab.com.br OVNI Lab]
 
* Rafael Barmak [http://www.ovnilab.com.br OVNI Lab]
 +
* Raghavan Nagabhirava
 +
* Ramón Martínez, [http://www.tenderoo.com/ Tenderoo Mobile Payment]
 +
* Raphaël Rousseau [http://www.atelierlaser.com Atelier Laser]
 
* Raúl Oviedo [http://ayudaelectronica.com/ Ingenieria Electronica]
 
* Raúl Oviedo [http://ayudaelectronica.com/ Ingenieria Electronica]
* Raghavan Nagabhirava
+
* Ravichandra Seveelavanan [http://www.LZRDM.org/ LZRDM]
 +
* Rebika Rai [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=449&Itemid=592 Sikkim University]
 +
* Benimle Söyle izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/benimle-soyle-son-bolum-izle]
 +
* Red Byer [http://www.redstoyland.com Red's Toyland]
 
* Richard Anderson [http://fubarlabs.com Fair Use Building and Research Labs]
 
* Richard Anderson [http://fubarlabs.com Fair Use Building and Research Labs]
 
* Robert Fitzsimons [http://partfusion.com/ Part Fusion Electronics]
 
* Robert Fitzsimons [http://partfusion.com/ Part Fusion Electronics]
 +
* Robit Technology [http://www.robitshop.com/ Parts of Electronics and Robotics]
 +
* Ron K. Jeffries, Jeffries Research
 
* Ronen Kadushin [http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp Open Design]
 
* Ronen Kadushin [http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp Open Design]
* Ron K. Jeffries, Jeffries Research
 
 
* Roy Mohan Shearer, [http://www.openthing.org/ Openthing]
 
* Roy Mohan Shearer, [http://www.openthing.org/ Openthing]
* Ryan Pulkrabek, [http://cstart.org/ Collaborative Space Travel and Research Team (CSTART)]
+
* Ryan Pulkrabek, [http://www.opennautics.com/ Opennautics]
 +
* Sachin, [http://www.digibay.in/ DigiBay]
 
* Samuel Sayer, [http://www.mitre.org The MITRE Corporation]
 
* Samuel Sayer, [http://www.mitre.org The MITRE Corporation]
 
* Samuel Vale, [http://holoscopio.com Holoscópio Tecnologia]
 
* Samuel Vale, [http://holoscopio.com Holoscópio Tecnologia]
 
* Sascha Meinrath, [http://oti.newamerica.net/ Open Technology Initiative]
 
* Sascha Meinrath, [http://oti.newamerica.net/ Open Technology Initiative]
 +
* SASIKUMAR K, [sasi1212@live.in]
 
* Scot Kornak, [http://www.busboard.us/ BusBoard Prototype Systems Ltd.]
 
* Scot Kornak, [http://www.busboard.us/ BusBoard Prototype Systems Ltd.]
 
* Shannon Morrisey
 
* Shannon Morrisey
 
* Shigeru Kobayashi [http://www.iamas.ac.jp/E/index.html IAMAS] [http://funnel.cc Funnel] [http://gainer.cc Gainer]
 
* Shigeru Kobayashi [http://www.iamas.ac.jp/E/index.html IAMAS] [http://funnel.cc Funnel] [http://gainer.cc Gainer]
 +
* Simon Gao [https://www.pcbway.com/ PCBWay]
 +
* Simon Gao [https://www.pcbastore.com/ pcbastore]
 +
* Simone Marzulli [http://onioncoding.altervista.org Onioncoding]
 
* Stacy L. Devino, [http://doesitpew.blogspot.com/ Does it Pew?][http://www.stacydevino.com/ aka childofthehorn]
 
* Stacy L. Devino, [http://doesitpew.blogspot.com/ Does it Pew?][http://www.stacydevino.com/ aka childofthehorn]
 
* Sterling Pickens, [http://www.linuxsociety.org/ linuxsociety]
 
* Sterling Pickens, [http://www.linuxsociety.org/ linuxsociety]
Line 263: Line 513:
 
* Steve Gifford, [http://www.chipstobits.com Chips To Bits]
 
* Steve Gifford, [http://www.chipstobits.com Chips To Bits]
 
* Steve Hoefer [http://grathio.com/ Grathio Labs]
 
* Steve Hoefer [http://grathio.com/ Grathio Labs]
 +
* Steven Brown [https://www.makerstore.com.au/  Maker Store (AU and USA)]
 
* Stewart Dickson [http://makerspaceu.org  Makerspace-Urbana]
 
* Stewart Dickson [http://makerspaceu.org  Makerspace-Urbana]
 +
* Tassos Natsakis [http://kuleuven.be KU Leuven]
 +
* Terry King, [http://www.arduino-direct.com/sunshop/ YourDuino.com]
 +
* Thalis Antunes [http://www.facit.edu.br FACIT]
 +
* Theodore Ullrich, [http://tomorrow-lab.com Tomorrow Lab™]
 
* Thomas Gokey, [http://thomasgokey.com/ artist]
 
* Thomas Gokey, [http://thomasgokey.com/ artist]
 +
* Tim Lossen, [http://evercu.be Evercube]
 
* Tom Igoe, [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino] [http://itp.nyu.edu ITP, NYU]
 
* Tom Igoe, [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino] [http://itp.nyu.edu ITP, NYU]
 +
* Tomasz Mloduchowski [http://www.xlogic.pl XLogic] [http://blattaria.co.uk Blattaria, Ltd.]
 +
* Troy Dowling [http://www.troydowling.org TroyDowling.org]
 +
* Tsvetan Usunov [https://www.olimex.com Olimex.com]
 
* Tully Gehan, [http://samuraicircuits.com/ Samurai Circuits]
 
* Tully Gehan, [http://samuraicircuits.com/ Samurai Circuits]
 
* Tuomo Tammenpää, [http://www.ohanda.org/ OHANDA - Open Source Hardware and Design Alliance]
 
* Tuomo Tammenpää, [http://www.ohanda.org/ OHANDA - Open Source Hardware and Design Alliance]
 +
* Tushar Makwana, [http://www.explorelabs.com/ Explore Labs]
 
* Usman Haque, [http://www.pachube.com/ Pachube]
 
* Usman Haque, [http://www.pachube.com/ Pachube]
 +
* Viento [http://flydendeby.dk/ Floating City Copenhagen]
 
* Vlad Trifa, [http://www.webofthings.com Web of Things] [http://vladtrifa.com ETH Zurich]
 
* Vlad Trifa, [http://www.webofthings.com Web of Things] [http://vladtrifa.com ETH Zurich]
 +
* Will Cleaver [http://www.youtube.com/user/Willcleaver?feature=mhee OS Economy - Science & Art]
 
* Will Pickering, [http://www.FunGizmos.com FunGizmos]
 
* Will Pickering, [http://www.FunGizmos.com FunGizmos]
 
* William Morris, [http://www.iheartrobotics.com I Heart Robotics]/[http://www.iheartengineering.com I Heart Engineering]
 
* William Morris, [http://www.iheartrobotics.com I Heart Robotics]/[http://www.iheartengineering.com I Heart Engineering]
 +
* Benimle Söyle 1.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/benimle-soyle-1-bolum-izle-s59]
 
* Wim Vandeputte, [http://kd85.com kd85]
 
* Wim Vandeputte, [http://kd85.com kd85]
 
* Windell Oskay, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 
* Windell Oskay, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 
* Yannick Avelino, [http://www.electrolab.fr/ Electrolab]
 
* Yannick Avelino, [http://www.electrolab.fr/ Electrolab]
* Ramón Martínez, [http://www.tenderoo.com/ Tenderoo Mobile Payment]
+
* Yoonseo Kang, [http://opentechforever.com/ Open Tech Forever]
* Gregor Gross [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
+
* Yoonseok Pyo, [http://www.robotis.com/ ROBOTIS]
* Joseph Gray [http://www.911media.org/ 911 Media Arts Center, Seattle] [http://projbox.org projBox]
+
* Zhang Dong,[http://www.homemode.me HOMEMODE]
* Viento [http://flydendeby.dk/ Floating City Copenhagen]
+
* Chris Liu, [http://www.oshw.com oshw.com]
 +
* Michelle Fu [https://www.ourpcb.com ourpcb.com]
 +
* Aile Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/aile-filmleri]
 +
* Aksiyon Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/aksiyon-macera-filmleri]
 +
* Animasyon Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/animasyon-filmleri]
 +
* Bilim Kurgu Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/bilimkurgu-filmleri]
 +
* Biyografi Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/biyografi-filmleri]
 +
* Dram Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/dram-filmleri]
 +
* Fantastik Filmler, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/fantastik-filmler]
 +
* Gerilim Korku Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/gerilim-korku-filmleri]
 +
* Komedi Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/komedi-filmleri]
 +
* Polisiye Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/polisiye-filmleri]
 +
* Romantik Filmler, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/romantik-filmler]
 +
* Savaş Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/savas-filmleri]
 +
* Tarihi Filmler, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/tarih-filmleri]
 +
* Western Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/western-filmleri]
 +
* Dizi Fragmanları, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/dizi-fragmanlari-ozeti]
 +
* Dizi Haberleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/dizi-haberleri]
 +
* Vizyon Filmleri[https://www.johoraccountant.com]
 +
* Amyfu [http://www.customwiringloom.com customwiringloom.com]
 +
* Yannick Roels [http://www.cultureghem.be/ cultureghem]
 +
* Austin Clinton [https://www.wiringo.com wiringo.com]
 +
* Felix Law [https://www.allchips.ai Allchips.ai]
 +
* Bean zheng [http://www.pcbgogo.com/y PCBA Turnkey Service]
 +
* Leo Chen [https://www.lhd-pcb.com/ LHD PCB]
 +
* Kofi Lew, [https://buddydiy.com BuddyDIY]
 +
* Mr Zhou, [https://www.freewingmodel.net Freewing Model]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.makerfabs.com Makerfabs]
 +
* Sam Fang, [https://www.diamante-tech.com/ Body Worn Camera]
 +
* Majon NOJAM, [https://frisuren-mittellang.com Frisuren 2020]

Latest revision as of 05:34, 24 January 2020

This page hosts the current proposed Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles and Definition v1.0. The statement of principles is a high-level overview of the ideals of open-source hardware. The definition is an attempt to apply those ideals to a standard by which to evaluate licenses for hardware designs.

To endorse the Open Source Hardware Definition 1.0, please add your name (and affiliation) below.

Older drafts of the definition are also available.

Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [1]

If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the work-in-progress draft. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.


Please join the conversation about the definition [2]

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0[edit]

Open source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design. The hardware's source, the design from which it is made, is available in the preferred format for making modifications to it. Ideally, open source hardware uses readily-available components and materials, standard processes, open infrastructure, unrestricted content, and open-source design tools to maximize the ability of individuals to make and use hardware. Open source hardware gives people the freedom to control their technology while sharing knowledge and encouraging commerce through the open exchange of designs.

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0[edit]

OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the Open Source Definition for Open Source Software and [3]. The definition is derived from the Open Source Definition, which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available here. Please join the conversation about the definition here

Introduction

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a term for tangible artifacts -- machines, devices, or other physical things -- whose design has been released to the public in such a way that anyone can make, modify, distribute, and use those things. This definition is intended to help provide guidelines for the development and evaluation of licenses for Open Source Hardware.

Hardware is different from software in that physical resources must always be committed for the creation of physical goods. Accordingly, persons or companies producing items ("products") under an OSHW license have an obligation to make it clear that such products are not manufactured, sold, warrantied, or otherwise sanctioned by the original designer and also not to make use of any trademarks owned by the original designer.

The distribution terms of Open Source Hardware must comply with the following criteria:

1. Documentation

The hardware must be released with documentation including design files, and must allow modification and distribution of the design files. Where documentation is not furnished with the physical product, there must be a well-publicized means of obtaining this documentation for no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably downloading via the Internet without charge. The documentation must include design files in the preferred format for making changes, for example the native file format of a CAD program. Deliberately obfuscated design files are not allowed. Intermediate forms analogous to compiled computer code -- such as printer-ready copper artwork from a CAD program -- are not allowed as substitutes. The license may require that the design files are provided in fully-documented, open format(s).

2. Scope

The documentation for the hardware must clearly specify what portion of the design, if not all, is being released under the license.

3. Necessary Software

If the licensed design requires software, embedded or otherwise, to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions, then the license may require that one of the following conditions are met:

a) The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.


4. Derived Works

The license shall allow modifications and derived works, and shall allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original work. The license shall allow for the manufacture, sale, distribution, and use of products created from the design files, the design files themselves, and derivatives thereof.

5. Free redistribution

The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the project documentation. The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale. The license shall not require any royalty or fee related to the sale of derived works.

6. Attribution

The license may require derived documents, and copyright notices associated with devices, to provide attribution to the licensors when distributing design files, manufactured products, and/or derivatives thereof. The license may require that this information be accessible to the end-user using the device normally, but shall not specify a specific format of display. The license may require derived works to carry a different name or version number from the original design.

7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups

The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor

The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the work (including manufactured hardware) in a specific field of endeavor. For example, it must not restrict the hardware from being used in a business, or from being used in nuclear research.

9. Distribution of License

The rights granted by the license must apply to all to whom the work is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

10. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product

The rights granted by the license must not depend on the licensed work being part of a particular product. If a portion is extracted from a work and used or distributed within the terms of the license, all parties to whom that work is redistributed should have the same rights as those that are granted for the original work.

11. License Must Not Restrict Other Hardware or Software

The license must not place restrictions on other items that are aggregated with the licensed work but not derivative of it. For example, the license must not insist that all other hardware sold with the licensed item be open source, nor that only open source software be used external to the device.

12. License Must Be Technology-Neutral

No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology, specific part or component, material, or style of interface or use thereof.


Afterword

The signatories of this Open Source Hardware definition recognize that the open source movement represents only one way of sharing information. We encourage and support all forms of openness and collaboration, whether or not they fit this definition.

Licenses and Hardware[edit]

In promoting Open Hardware, it is important to make it clear to designers the extent to which their licenses actually can control their designs. Under U.S. law, and law in many other places, copyright does not apply to electronic designs. Patents do. The result is that an Open Hardware license can in general be used to restrict the plans but not the manufactured devices or even restatements of the same design that are not textual copies of the original. The applicable section of copyright law is 17.102(b), which says:

In no case does copyright protection for an original work of authorship extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.

Translations[edit]

The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.

OSHW/tanawat

Logo repository[edit]

The open source hardware logo lives at [4].

oshw-logo-800-px.png

Endorsements[edit]

OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of Template:TANAWAT/Template:TANAWAT/Template:TANAWAT.

Please feel free to add (your own names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.

Please join the conversation about the definition here