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[[OSHW older drafts|Older drafts of the definition are also available]].
 
[[OSHW older drafts|Older drafts of the definition are also available]].
  
Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [http://www.openhardwaresummit.org/compiled-feedback/ here]
+
Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [https://www.izlettin.com/]
  
 
If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the [[OSHW draft|work-in-progress draft]]. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.
 
If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the [[OSHW draft|work-in-progress draft]]. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.
 +
 +
 +
''Please join the conversation about the definition [https://www.izlettin.com/watch/AXpeYGAokelRzHJ]''
  
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0 ==
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0 ==
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== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0 ==
 
== Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0 ==
  
''OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the [http://opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition] for Open Source Software and [http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW_older_drafts draft OSHW definition 0.5]. The definition is derived from the [http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition], which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available [http://www.eyebeam.org/projects/Opening-hardware here].''
+
''OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the [http://opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition] for Open Source Software and [https://www.izlettin.com]. The definition is derived from the [http://www.opensource.org/docs/osd Open Source Definition], which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available [http://www.eyebeam.org/projects/Opening-hardware here].''
 
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
 
''Please join the conversation about the definition [http://openhardwaresummit.org/forum here]''
  
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a)  The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.
 
a)  The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.
  
b) The necessary software is released under an [http://www.opensource.org/ OSI]-approved open source license.
+
 
 
 
'''4. Derived Works'''
 
'''4. Derived Works'''
  
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The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.  
 
The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.  
  
{{:OSHW/translations}}
+
{{:OSHW/tanawat}}
  
 
== Logo repository ==
 
== Logo repository ==
  
The open source hardware logo lives at [http://www.oshwa.org/open-source-hardware-logo/ oshwa.org].
+
The open source hardware logo lives at [https://www.izlettin.com].
  
http://i1166.photobucket.com/albums/q601/H3rlihy/OSH_Steellowres.jpg
+
https://i2.wp.com/www.oshwa.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/oshw-logo-800-px.png
  
 
== Endorsements ==
 
== Endorsements ==
  
OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of {{REVISIONYEAR}}/{{REVISIONMONTH}}/{{REVISIONDAY}}.
+
OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of {{TANAWAT}}/{{TANAWAT}}/{{TANAWAT}}.
  
 
Please feel free to add (''your own'' names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.
 
Please feel free to add (''your own'' names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.
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* Adam N. Ward, [http://wardyprojects.blogspot.co.uk/p/open-source-sram-memory-board.html Wardy's Projects]
 
* Adam N. Ward, [http://wardyprojects.blogspot.co.uk/p/open-source-sram-memory-board.html Wardy's Projects]
 
* Adam Wolf, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
 
* Adam Wolf, [http://www.wayneandlayne.com Wayne and Layne]
* Addie Wagenknecht and Stefan Hechenberger [http://labs.nortd.com/ Nortd Labs]  [http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]  [http://lasersaur.com/ Lasersaur]
+
* Addie Wagenknecht and Stefan Hechenberger [http://labs.nortd.com/ Nortd Labs]  [http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]  [https://www.izlettin.com/ Lasersaur]
 
* Adviye Ayça Ünlüer [http://www.yildiz.edu.tr Yildiz Technical University]
 
* Adviye Ayça Ünlüer [http://www.yildiz.edu.tr Yildiz Technical University]
 
* Ahmet Alpat, [http://arduinoturkiye.com Arduino Türkiye] [http://ahmetalpat.com Elektrik, Elektronik, Enerji]
 
* Ahmet Alpat, [http://arduinoturkiye.com Arduino Türkiye] [http://ahmetalpat.com Elektrik, Elektronik, Enerji]
* AJ Quick [http://www.aquickcnc.com A Quick CNC]
 
 
* Akiba, [http://www.freaklabs.org/ FreakLabs]
 
* Akiba, [http://www.freaklabs.org/ FreakLabs]
* Alan Pack [http://photoboothking.com.au Photo Booth King]
 
 
* Albert Monés [http://www.replicat.es replicat.es]
 
* Albert Monés [http://www.replicat.es replicat.es]
 
* Alberto Fabiano [https://garoa.net.br/wiki/Noite_do_Arduino Garoa Hacker Clube]
 
* Alberto Fabiano [https://garoa.net.br/wiki/Noite_do_Arduino Garoa Hacker Clube]
 +
* Alex Glow, [http://hackster.io/glowascii Hackster]
 +
* Alex Hübner, [http://www.la.logicalis.com Logicalis] and [https://sdq.io SDQ.io]
 
* Alexander Olikevich [http://www.openfablab.org OpenFabLab]
 
* Alexander Olikevich [http://www.openfablab.org OpenFabLab]
 
* Alexander Ruiz [http://www.ingeniosolido.com Ingenio Sólido S.A.S]
 
* Alexander Ruiz [http://www.ingeniosolido.com Ingenio Sólido S.A.S]
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* André Menks [http://multilogica-shop.com/ Multilógica-shop]
 
* André Menks [http://multilogica-shop.com/ Multilógica-shop]
 
* Andreas Olofsson [http://www.parallella.org Parallella]
 
* Andreas Olofsson [http://www.parallella.org Parallella]
* Andrés Delgado [http://aperturaradical.org Apertura Radical]
 
 
* Andrew Back [http://oshug.org Open Source Hardware User Group]
 
* Andrew Back [http://oshug.org Open Source Hardware User Group]
 
* Andrew Katz [http://www.moorcrofts.com Moorcrofts LLP]
 
* Andrew Katz [http://www.moorcrofts.com Moorcrofts LLP]
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* Andrew Stone, [http://www.toastedcircuits.com Toasted Circuits]
 
* Andrew Stone, [http://www.toastedcircuits.com Toasted Circuits]
 
* Andrew Wenzlaff [http://containrain.com Contain Rain]
 
* Andrew Wenzlaff [http://containrain.com Contain Rain]
* Andy Gelme, [http://hackmelbourne.org Connected Community HackerSpace], Melbourne, Australia and [http://geekscape.org Geekscape Pty. Ltd.]
+
* Andy Gelme, [http://hackmelbourne.org Connected Community HackerSpace], Melbourne, Australia and [https://www.izlettin.com.]
 
* Andy Wickert, [http://www.northernwidget.com Northern Widget LLC]
 
* Andy Wickert, [http://www.northernwidget.com Northern Widget LLC]
 
* Anil Kumar Pugalia ([http://profession.sarika-pugs.com Pugs' Passion])
 
* Anil Kumar Pugalia ([http://profession.sarika-pugs.com Pugs' Passion])
 
* Anool Mahidharia [http://www.wyolum.com/ WyoLum]
 
* Anool Mahidharia [http://www.wyolum.com/ WyoLum]
 
* Anthony Clay, [http://www.zarthcode.com ZarthCode LLC]
 
* Anthony Clay, [http://www.zarthcode.com ZarthCode LLC]
* Arno Eikhof, [http://uvc.de/ UVC Ingenieure]
 
 
* Arthur Wolf, [http://smoothieware.org Smoothie]
 
* Arthur Wolf, [http://smoothieware.org Smoothie]
 
* Asim Baig, [http://www.tinkeract.com/ Tinkeract]
 
* Asim Baig, [http://www.tinkeract.com/ Tinkeract]
 
* Ayah Bdeir, [http://www.littleBits.cc littleBits.cc]/[http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]/[http://www.creativecommons.org Creative Commons]
 
* Ayah Bdeir, [http://www.littleBits.cc littleBits.cc]/[http://www.eyebeam.org Eyebeam]/[http://www.creativecommons.org Creative Commons]
* Balestrino Salvatore [http://oshw.it OSHW.IT]
 
 
* Bastian Bittorf [http://bittorf-wireless.de/ bittorf wireless ))]
 
* Bastian Bittorf [http://bittorf-wireless.de/ bittorf wireless ))]
 
* Ben Leduc-Mills [http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~ctg/Craft_Tech.html Craft Technology Lab]
 
* Ben Leduc-Mills [http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~ctg/Craft_Tech.html Craft Technology Lab]
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* Bill Shaw [http://inanimatereason.com/ Inanimate Reason]
 
* Bill Shaw [http://inanimatereason.com/ Inanimate Reason]
 
* Bob Jacobsen [http://jmri.org JMRI]
 
* Bob Jacobsen [http://jmri.org JMRI]
 +
* Bob Moore [https://titoma.com/ Titoma]
 
* Bob Waldron [http://makerplane.org/ MakerPlane]
 
* Bob Waldron [http://makerplane.org/ MakerPlane]
 
* Boseji [http://m8051.blogspot.com Electronics For Bharat]|[http://adharlabs.in A.D.H.A.R Labs]
 
* Boseji [http://m8051.blogspot.com Electronics For Bharat]|[http://adharlabs.in A.D.H.A.R Labs]
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* Brian Rayburn
 
* Brian Rayburn
 
* Brian Harling, [http://modtronicsaustralia.com/ Modtronics Australia]
 
* Brian Harling, [http://modtronicsaustralia.com/ Modtronics Australia]
* Briana Mansion,[http://www.tenderoo.com Tenderoo]
 
 
* Bryan Bishop, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://humanityplus.org/ Humanity+]
 
* Bryan Bishop, [http://gnusha.org/skdb/ SKDB] [http://humanityplus.org/ Humanity+]
 
* bunnie [http://bunniestudios.com/ bunniestudios]
 
* bunnie [http://bunniestudios.com/ bunniestudios]
* Cade Klock
 
 
* Carmen Gonzalez, [http://opensolarcircuits.cc] DreamAddictive
 
* Carmen Gonzalez, [http://opensolarcircuits.cc] DreamAddictive
 
* Carmen Trudell [http://www.fluxxlab.com Fluxxlab]
 
* Carmen Trudell [http://www.fluxxlab.com Fluxxlab]
* Carol Willing
+
* Carrie Miller [https://www.waterfiltershq.com/ IoT water filters]
 
* Carson Reynolds [http://www.k2.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/members/carson/carson-e.html University of Tokyo]
 
* Carson Reynolds [http://www.k2.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/members/carson/carson-e.html University of Tokyo]
 
* Catarina Mota, [http://openmaterials.org openMaterials]
 
* Catarina Mota, [http://openmaterials.org openMaterials]
Line 188: Line 186:
 
* Charles Yarnold
 
* Charles Yarnold
 
* Chris Anderson, [http://www.diydrones.com/ 3D Robotics/DIY Drones]
 
* Chris Anderson, [http://www.diydrones.com/ 3D Robotics/DIY Drones]
* Chris Harris [http://agency1.com.au Agency1]
 
* Chris Mark [http://www.fellers.com.au Fellers Tree Services]
 
 
* Chris Jefferies, Tinaja Labs
 
* Chris Jefferies, Tinaja Labs
 
* Chris Novello, [http://www.illucia.com/ illucia instruments]
 
* Chris Novello, [http://www.illucia.com/ illucia instruments]
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* Daniel Andarde [http://www.danielandrade.net Daniel Andrade - art.electronics.tech]
 
* Daniel Andarde [http://www.danielandrade.net Daniel Andrade - art.electronics.tech]
 
* Daniel Garcia [http://www.protostack.com Protostack]
 
* Daniel Garcia [http://www.protostack.com Protostack]
* Daniel Harrigan
 
 
* Daniel Reetz [http://www.diybookscanner.org DIY Book Scanner]
 
* Daniel Reetz [http://www.diybookscanner.org DIY Book Scanner]
 
* Daniel Yucra [http://www.somoslibres.org SomosLibres.org Perú]
 
* Daniel Yucra [http://www.somoslibres.org SomosLibres.org Perú]
Line 218: Line 213:
 
* Deepak Shrivastava
 
* Deepak Shrivastava
 
* Demetris Rouslan Zavorotnitsienko [http://www.gizmoforyou.com/ GizmoForYou]
 
* Demetris Rouslan Zavorotnitsienko [http://www.gizmoforyou.com/ GizmoForYou]
 +
* Derek Elley [https://www.ponoko.com/ Ponoko]
 
* Diego Spinola [http://www.hackeneering.com/ Hackeneering]
 
* Diego Spinola [http://www.hackeneering.com/ Hackeneering]
 
* Dilshan R Jayakody [http://jayakody.info jayakody.info]
 
* Dilshan R Jayakody [http://jayakody.info jayakody.info]
Line 225: Line 221:
 
* Dustyn Roberts, [http://www.dustynrobots.com/ dustynrobots]
 
* Dustyn Roberts, [http://www.dustynrobots.com/ dustynrobots]
 
* Dominic Muren, [http://www.dominicmuren.com/ The Humblefactory]
 
* Dominic Muren, [http://www.dominicmuren.com/ The Humblefactory]
* Ed Minchau, [http://www.magicalrobotics.com/ Magical Robotics]
+
* Ed Minchau, [https://canlidiziizlesene.com/ Canlı Dizi izle]
 
* Emanuele Bonanni aka EmanueleEMC, [http://it.emcelettronica.com/ Elettronica Open Source]
 
* Emanuele Bonanni aka EmanueleEMC, [http://it.emcelettronica.com/ Elettronica Open Source]
 
* Emre Gökçe Çimen [http://www.eg-ar.com/ Eg-ar Design]
 
* Emre Gökçe Çimen [http://www.eg-ar.com/ Eg-ar Design]
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* Eric Michaud [http://www.i11industries.com i11 Industries]
 
* Eric Michaud [http://www.i11industries.com i11 Industries]
 
* Eric Pan [http://seeedstudio.com/ Seeed Studio]
 
* Eric Pan [http://seeedstudio.com/ Seeed Studio]
 +
* Antonio [https://www.wellpcb.com/ WellPCB]
 
* Eric Thompson [http://lowvoltagelabs.com/ Low Voltage Labs]
 
* Eric Thompson [http://lowvoltagelabs.com/ Low Voltage Labs]
 
* Ethan Zonca [http://protofusion.org ProtoFusion]
 
* Ethan Zonca [http://protofusion.org ProtoFusion]
Line 246: Line 243:
 
* Gareth Coleman, [http://www.refab-space.org/w/doku.php?id=projects:managed_a_b_switch layer zero labs]
 
* Gareth Coleman, [http://www.refab-space.org/w/doku.php?id=projects:managed_a_b_switch layer zero labs]
 
* Geoffrey L. Barrows, [http://www.centeye.com Centeye, Inc.] and [http://www.embeddedeye.com Embedded Eye]
 
* Geoffrey L. Barrows, [http://www.centeye.com Centeye, Inc.] and [http://www.embeddedeye.com Embedded Eye]
* George Hadley, [http://nbitwonder.com NBitWonder]
 
 
* Gilles Reyna
 
* Gilles Reyna
 
* Giovanni Lostumbo, [http://openwetware.org/wiki/User:Giovanni_Lostumbo GNUBioPhotoVoltaic]  
 
* Giovanni Lostumbo, [http://openwetware.org/wiki/User:Giovanni_Lostumbo GNUBioPhotoVoltaic]  
Line 253: Line 249:
 
* Greg Grossmeier, [http://grossmeier.net Open Evangelist]
 
* Greg Grossmeier, [http://grossmeier.net Open Evangelist]
 
* Greg Krsak
 
* Greg Krsak
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/ Dizi izle]
 +
 
* Gregor Gross [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 
* Gregor Gross [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 
* Gregory Gage, [http://backyardbrains.com Backyard Brains]  
 
* Gregory Gage, [http://backyardbrains.com Backyard Brains]  
 
* Guo haoyun [http://bjmakerspace.com/]
 
* Guo haoyun [http://bjmakerspace.com/]
 
* Gustav Karlsson [http://www.karlssonrobotics.com/ Karlsson Robotics]
 
* Gustav Karlsson [http://www.karlssonrobotics.com/ Karlsson Robotics]
* Hal Gottfried [http://www.kcohg.org KC Open Hardware Society]
 
 
* Hannah Perner-Wilson [http://www.plusea.at Plusea] [http://www.howtogetwhatyouwant.at How To Get What You Want]
 
* Hannah Perner-Wilson [http://www.plusea.at Plusea] [http://www.howtogetwhatyouwant.at How To Get What You Want]
 
* Hans Scharler [http://iobridge.com ioBridge] [http://thingspeak.com ThingSpeak]
 
* Hans Scharler [http://iobridge.com ioBridge] [http://thingspeak.com ThingSpeak]
Line 263: Line 260:
 
* Hélio Pereira
 
* Hélio Pereira
 
* Helio Ribeiro da Silva Filho
 
* Helio Ribeiro da Silva Filho
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/yemin-170-bolum-izle/ Yemin 170.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/hercai-29-bolum-izle/ Hercai 29.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/payitaht-abdulhamid-105-bolum-izle/ Payitaht Abdülhamid 105.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/arka-sokaklar-539-bolum-izle/ Arka Sokaklar 539.Bölüm izle]
 +
* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.yekdiziizle.com/babil-2-bolum-izle/ Babil 2.Bölüm izle]
 +
 
* Henrik Denhart [http://denhart.dk Denhart]
 
* Henrik Denhart [http://denhart.dk Denhart]
 +
* Hojadurdy Durdygylyjov [http://www.curiousmindsdev.com Curious Minds Development]
 
* Hong Phuc Dang [http://fossasia.org/ FOSSASIA]
 
* Hong Phuc Dang [http://fossasia.org/ FOSSASIA]
 +
* Hong Phuc Dang [https://www.izlettin.com videoizle]
 +
* Hristian Daskalov [http://opensourceuni.org/ The Open Source University]
 
* Ian Daniher, [http://nonolithlabs.com Nonolith Labs]
 
* Ian Daniher, [http://nonolithlabs.com Nonolith Labs]
 
* Ian Lee [http://blog.ianlee.info Software & Sawdust]
 
* Ian Lee [http://blog.ianlee.info Software & Sawdust]
Line 271: Line 277:
 
* Jaco du Plessis [http://www.hbnet.co.za hbnet Private Internet Services]
 
* Jaco du Plessis [http://www.hbnet.co.za hbnet Private Internet Services]
 
* Jakub Kákona, [http://www.mlab.cz MLAB] [http://www.ust.cz UST]
 
* Jakub Kákona, [http://www.mlab.cz MLAB] [http://www.ust.cz UST]
* James Adams, [http://www.makenub.com/ MakeNub]
 
 
* James Grahame, [http://reflexaudio.com Reflex Audio] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
 
* James Grahame, [http://reflexaudio.com Reflex Audio] [http://meeblip.com MeeBlip]
* James Ronald [http://www.MiRobotClub.org/ Michigan Robot Club]
 
 
* Jarryd Bekker [http://www.lattra.com/ Lattra]
 
* Jarryd Bekker [http://www.lattra.com/ Lattra]
 
* Jasmin Skenderi [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
 
* Jasmin Skenderi [http://www.alpha-board.de/ alpha-board Elektronik-Design und Fertigungsservice Berlin]
Line 288: Line 292:
 
* Jeffrey Antony, [http://jeffrey.co.in Jeffrey's Personal Website]
 
* Jeffrey Antony, [http://jeffrey.co.in Jeffrey's Personal Website]
 
* Jeremy Blum, [http://www.jeremyblum.com/ JeremyBlum.com] [http://www.creativemachines.org Cornell University Creative Machines Lab]
 
* Jeremy Blum, [http://www.jeremyblum.com/ JeremyBlum.com] [http://www.creativemachines.org Cornell University Creative Machines Lab]
 +
* Jeremy Elson, [https://www.lectrobox.com Lectrobox]
 
* Jeremy Saglimbeni, [http://thecustomgeek.com/ thecustomgeek.com]
 
* Jeremy Saglimbeni, [http://thecustomgeek.com/ thecustomgeek.com]
* Jim Barkley, [http://www.mitre.org/ The MITRE Corporation]
 
 
* Jimmie P. Rodgers [http://jimmieprodgers.com/ JimmiePRodgers.com]
 
* Jimmie P. Rodgers [http://jimmieprodgers.com/ JimmiePRodgers.com]
* Jinbuhm Kim [http://www.wiznettechnology.com/ WIZnet]
+
* Jinbuhm Kim (김진범) [http://ateamventures.com/ ATEAM VENTURES]
 
* Joan Espinoza [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
 
* Joan Espinoza [http://www.pinguino.org.ve PingüinoVE]
 
* Joel Murphy [http://www.rachelselectronics.com/ Rachel's Electronics] [http://www.newschool.edu/parsons/mfa-design-technology/ Parsons D+T]
 
* Joel Murphy [http://www.rachelselectronics.com/ Rachel's Electronics] [http://www.newschool.edu/parsons/mfa-design-technology/ Parsons D+T]
Line 300: Line 304:
 
* Johnny Russell [http://ultimachine.com/ UltiMachine]
 
* Johnny Russell [http://ultimachine.com/ UltiMachine]
 
* Jon Kuniholm, [http://openprosthetics.ning.com/ The Open Prosthetics Project]
 
* Jon Kuniholm, [http://openprosthetics.ning.com/ The Open Prosthetics Project]
 +
* Bilgi Sitesi [https://www.hergunyenibilgi.com/ Bilgi Sitesi]
 
* Jon Masters [http://www.jonmasters.org/ www.jonmasters.org]
 
* Jon Masters [http://www.jonmasters.org/ www.jonmasters.org]
 
* Jonathan Dahan, [http://www.islandlabs.org/ Island Labs]
 
* Jonathan Dahan, [http://www.islandlabs.org/ Island Labs]
Line 332: Line 337:
 
* Lubos Medovarsky, [http://accelera-networks.com Accelera Networks]
 
* Lubos Medovarsky, [http://accelera-networks.com Accelera Networks]
 
* Luigi Carnevale, [http://www.droids.it/ Droids]
 
* Luigi Carnevale, [http://www.droids.it/ Droids]
* Maik Kroka, [https://www.dischereit.de/ Dischereit SMT Assembly]
+
* Mike Dong [https://www.pcbgogo.com/ PCBGOGO]
 
* Marcin Jakubowski, [http://opensourceecology.org/ Open Source Ecology]
 
* Marcin Jakubowski, [http://opensourceecology.org/ Open Source Ecology]
 +
* Marcio Roberto da Silva Oliveira, [https://ufgd.edu.br/ Federal University of Grande Dourados]
 
* Marcus A. Link [http://www.manupool.de Manupool - A Product Development Community]
 
* Marcus A. Link [http://www.manupool.de Manupool - A Product Development Community]
 
* Mario Behling, [http://mbm.vn/ MBM]
 
* Mario Behling, [http://mbm.vn/ MBM]
* Mario Raul Perez, [http://macroplc.com/ MacroPLC]
 
 
* Mario Vernari, [http://highfieldtales.wordpress.com/ Highfieldtales]
 
* Mario Vernari, [http://highfieldtales.wordpress.com/ Highfieldtales]
 
* Mark Carew, [http://openbuilds.org OpenBuilds]
 
* Mark Carew, [http://openbuilds.org OpenBuilds]
* Mark Khusid, EE, [http://markkhusid.ddns.net MK Dynamics]
+
* Mark A. Cooper, [http://smoothieware.org/ Smoothie]
 
* Mark McComb, [http://www.hacktronics.com/ hacktronics]
 
* Mark McComb, [http://www.hacktronics.com/ hacktronics]
 +
* Mark Wolf, [https://www.maleetronic.com/ Maleetronic]
 
* Marty Schrader, [http://www.parsecsystemsinc.com/ Parsec Technologies, Inc.]
 
* Marty Schrader, [http://www.parsecsystemsinc.com/ Parsec Technologies, Inc.]
 
* Massimo Banzi [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino]
 
* Massimo Banzi [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino]
Line 350: Line 356:
 
* Matthew Slater [http://communityforge.net Community Forge]
 
* Matthew Slater [http://communityforge.net Community Forge]
 
* Matthieu Quadrini [http://openscb.org OpenSCB]
 
* Matthieu Quadrini [http://openscb.org OpenSCB]
* Michael Eber [http://www.makertronic.com Makertronic]
 
 
* Michael James [http://opensourcehardwarejunkies.com OSHJunkies]
 
* Michael James [http://opensourcehardwarejunkies.com OSHJunkies]
 
* Michael Krumpus [http://nootropicdesign.com/ nootropic design]
 
* Michael Krumpus [http://nootropicdesign.com/ nootropic design]
Line 359: Line 364:
 
* Mitch Altman [http://cornfieldelectronics.com/ Cornfield Electronics]
 
* Mitch Altman [http://cornfieldelectronics.com/ Cornfield Electronics]
 
* Mitch Patterson(mitpatterson) [http://mitchstechblog.wordpress.com/ Mitch's Tech Blog]
 
* Mitch Patterson(mitpatterson) [http://mitchstechblog.wordpress.com/ Mitch's Tech Blog]
* Mohamed [http://www.asensar.com/ aSensar] [http://www.RepRap-India.com/ RepRap-India]
+
* Sessiz Bir Yer izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/sessiz-bir-yer-izle]
 +
* Venom izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/venom-izle]
 
* Morgaine Dinova [[User:Morgaine_Dinova|[1]]], lecturer and consultant
 
* Morgaine Dinova [[User:Morgaine_Dinova|[1]]], lecturer and consultant
 
* Moritz von Buttlar [http://www.opensource-solar.org/ Opensource-Solar]
 
* Moritz von Buttlar [http://www.opensource-solar.org/ Opensource-Solar]
 
* Morten I. Larsen
 
* Morten I. Larsen
* Naoufel Razouane [http://www.facebook.com/pages/FLVM-Tunisie-Tunisia-DIY-%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%86%D8%B3-%D8%A5%D8%B0%D9%86/167757549921914 Tunisia-DIY]
+
* Muzhichkov Alexander [http://www.eliving.space eliving.space]
 +
* Naoufel Razouane [http://openfab.tn OpenFab Tunisia]
 
* Nathan Seidle [http://www.sparkfun.com SparkFun Electronics]
 
* Nathan Seidle [http://www.sparkfun.com SparkFun Electronics]
 
* Nicholas C Lewis [http://reprapbreeding.blogspot.com/ A RepRap Breeding Program]
 
* Nicholas C Lewis [http://reprapbreeding.blogspot.com/ A RepRap Breeding Program]
Line 373: Line 380:
 
* Nuri Erginer [http://www.gnexlab.com/ gnexlab]
 
* Nuri Erginer [http://www.gnexlab.com/ gnexlab]
 
* Oldrich Horacek [http://hwkitchen.com/ HW Kitchen]
 
* Oldrich Horacek [http://hwkitchen.com/ HW Kitchen]
* Ondrej Zizka
+
* Oguz Alp Tan [http://www.oguzalptan.com/ SEO ideas]
 
* Paolo Patierno, [http://dotnetcampania.org/blogs/paolopat/default.aspx DevExperience]
 
* Paolo Patierno, [http://dotnetcampania.org/blogs/paolopat/default.aspx DevExperience]
 
* Partha Pratim Ray [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=489&Itemid=603 Sikkim University]
 
* Partha Pratim Ray [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=489&Itemid=603 Sikkim University]
Line 386: Line 393:
 
* Phillip Torrone, [http://www.makezine.com/ MAKE magazine] [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Phillip Torrone, [http://www.makezine.com/ MAKE magazine] [http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit Industries]
 
* Pierce Nichols [http://logos-electro.com Logos Electromechanical LLC]
 
* Pierce Nichols [http://logos-electro.com Logos Electromechanical LLC]
 +
* Pierre Padilla [http://biomakerslab.wixsite.com/home] Biomakers Lab
 
* Pierrick Boissard [http://igrebot.fr/ I-Grebot robotics association]
 
* Pierrick Boissard [http://igrebot.fr/ I-Grebot robotics association]
 +
* Çukur 84.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cukur-84-bolum-izle-v05]
 +
* Çukur 3.Sezon 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cukur-3-sezon-17-bolum-izle-f112]
 +
* Yasak Elma 65.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/yasak-elma-65-bolum-izle-d54]
 +
* Vuslat 37.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/vuslat-37-bolum-izle]
 +
* Zalim İstanbul 27.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zalim-istanbul-27-bolum-izle]
 +
* Sefirin Kızı 5.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/sefirin-kizi-5-bolum-izle-s096]
 +
* Kadın 79.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kadin-79-bolum-izle-k35]
 +
* Çocuk 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/cocuk-17-bolum-izle-c13]
 +
* Şampiyon 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/sampiyon-17-bolum-izle]
 +
* Payitaht Abdülhamid 105.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/payitaht-abdulhamid-105-bolum-izle]
 +
* Tutunamayanlar 3.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/tutunamayanlar-3-bolum-izle]
 +
* Zümrüdüanka 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zumruduanka-2-bolum-izle-f63]
 +
* Savaşçı 90.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/savasci-90-bolum-izle-h055]
 +
* Mucize Doktor 19.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/mucize-doktor-19-bolum-izle-b46]
 +
* Ferhat ile Şirin 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/ferhat-ile-sirin-8-bolum-izle-m123]
 +
* Güvercin 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/guvercin-8-bolum-izle-y34]
 +
* Kuzey Yıldızı ilk Aşk 18.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kuzey-yildizi-ilk-ask-18-bolum-izle-v134]
 +
* Hekimoğlu 4.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/hekimoglu-4-bolum-izle]
 +
* Eşkiya Dünyaya Hükümdar Olmaz 155.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/eskiya-dunyaya-hukumdar-olmaz-155-bolum-izle-e584]
 +
* Hercai 29.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/hercai-29-bolum-izle-f703]
 +
* Bir Zamanlar Çukurova 52.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/bir-zamanlar-cukurova-52-bolum-izle-m155]
 +
* Kuruluş Osman 8.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/kurulus-osman-8-bolum-izle-p109]
 +
* Doğduğun Ev Kaderindir 3.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dogdugun-ev-kaderindir-3-bolum-izle]
 +
* Afili Aşk 30.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/afili-ask-30-bolum-izle]
 +
* Benim Adım Melek 17.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/benim-adim-melek-17-bolum-izle]
 +
* Babil 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/babil-2-bolum-izle-v01]
 +
* Ramo 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/ramo-2-bolum-izle-c24]
 +
* Zemheri 2.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/zemheri-2-bolum-izle-d39]
 +
* Wonder Woman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/wonder-woman-izle]
 +
* Shazam 6 Güç izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/shazam-6-guc-izle]
 +
* Aquaman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/aquaman-izle]
 +
* O Bölüm 2 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/it-2-o-bolum-2-izle]
 +
* O - It [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/o-it-izle]
 +
* Joker izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/joker-izle-2019]
 +
* Batman V Superman Adaletin Şafağı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/batman-v-superman-adaletin-safagi-izle]
 +
* Godzilla 2 Canavarlar Kralı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/godzilla-2-canavarlar-krali-izle]
 +
* Justice League Adalet Birliği izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/justice-league-adalet-birligi-izle]
 +
* Fantastik Canavarlar Nelerdir, Nerede Bulunurlar izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/fantastik-canavarlar-nelerdir-nerede-bulunurlar-izle]
 +
* Fantastik Canavarlar 2 Grindelwald'ın Suçları izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/fantastik-canavarlar-2-grindelwaldin-suclari-2018-izle.html]
 +
* Hobbit 2 Smaug'un Çorak Toprakları izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/hobbit-smaugun-corak-topraklari-izle]
 +
* Hobbit Beklenmedik Yolculuk izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/hobbit-beklenmedik-yolculuk-izle]
 +
* Superman Çelik Adam izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/superman-celik-adam-izle]
 +
* İlk Yenilmez Kaptan Amerika izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/ilk-yenilmez-kaptan-amerika-izle]
 +
* Kaptan Amerika Kış Askeri izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/kaptan-amerika-kis-askeri-izle]
 +
* Iron Man 2 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/iron-man-2-izle]
 +
* Demir Adam izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/demir-adam-1-izle]
 +
* Iron Man 3 izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/iron-man-3-demir-adam-izle]
 +
* Thor izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-1-izle]
 +
* Thor Ragnarok izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-3-ragnarok-izle]
 +
* Thor Karanlık Dünya izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/thor-2-karanlik-dunya-izle]
 +
* Avengers izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-1-the-avengers-izle]
 +
* Yenilmezler Son Oyun izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-4-endgame-izle]
 +
* Yenilmezler Ultron Çağı izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/yenilmezler-2-ultron-cagi-izle]
 +
* Örümcek Adam Eve Dönüş izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/orumcek-adam-eve-donus-izle]
 +
* Örümcek Adam Evden Uzakta izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/orumcek-adam-evden-uzakta-izle]
 +
* İkizler Projesi izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/ikizler-projesi-izle]
 +
* Malefiz Kötülüğün Gücü izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/malefiz-2-kotulugun-gucu-izle]
 +
* Jumanji Yeni Seviye izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/jumanji-yeni-seviye-izle]
 +
* Jumanji Vahşi Orman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/jumanji-vahsi-orman-izle]
 +
* Terminatör Kara Kader izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/terminator-6-kara-kader-izle]
 +
* 6 Underground izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/film/6-underground-izle]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-1]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-2]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-3]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-4]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-5]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/sezon-1/bolum-6]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/izle/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-1-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-2-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-3-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-4-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-5-bolum-izle/]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlesene2.com/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-6-bolum-izle/]
 +
* Rise of Empires: Ottoman izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/dizi/rise-of-empires-ottoman-izle]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 1.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-1-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 2.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-2-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 3.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-3-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 4.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-4-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 5.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-5-bolum-izle.html]
 +
* rise of empires ottoman 1.sezon 6.bölüm izle [https://www.dizikolik.pw/video/rise-of-empires-ottoman-1-sezon-6-bolum-izle.html]
 
* Pip Jones [http://www.deepend.com.au Deepend]
 
* Pip Jones [http://www.deepend.com.au Deepend]
 
* Prashant Khandelwal [http://midnightprogrammer.net midnightprogrammer.net]
 
* Prashant Khandelwal [http://midnightprogrammer.net midnightprogrammer.net]
Line 398: Line 488:
 
* Ravichandra Seveelavanan [http://www.LZRDM.org/ LZRDM]
 
* Ravichandra Seveelavanan [http://www.LZRDM.org/ LZRDM]
 
* Rebika Rai [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=449&Itemid=592 Sikkim University]
 
* Rebika Rai [https://www.sikkimuniversity.ac.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=449&Itemid=592 Sikkim University]
 +
* Benimle Söyle izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/dizi/benimle-soyle-son-bolum-izle]
 
* Red Byer [http://www.redstoyland.com Red's Toyland]
 
* Red Byer [http://www.redstoyland.com Red's Toyland]
 
* Richard Anderson [http://fubarlabs.com Fair Use Building and Research Labs]
 
* Richard Anderson [http://fubarlabs.com Fair Use Building and Research Labs]
* Richard Arnett [http://chromatograDIY.wordpress.com ChromatograDIY]
 
 
* Robert Fitzsimons [http://partfusion.com/ Part Fusion Electronics]
 
* Robert Fitzsimons [http://partfusion.com/ Part Fusion Electronics]
 
* Robit Technology [http://www.robitshop.com/ Parts of Electronics and Robotics]
 
* Robit Technology [http://www.robitshop.com/ Parts of Electronics and Robotics]
* Rodolfo Cossovich [http://multiplo.org/ Multiplo]
 
 
* Ron K. Jeffries, Jeffries Research
 
* Ron K. Jeffries, Jeffries Research
 
* Ronen Kadushin [http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp Open Design]
 
* Ronen Kadushin [http://www.ronen-kadushin.com/Open_Design.asp Open Design]
Line 416: Line 505:
 
* Shannon Morrisey
 
* Shannon Morrisey
 
* Shigeru Kobayashi [http://www.iamas.ac.jp/E/index.html IAMAS] [http://funnel.cc Funnel] [http://gainer.cc Gainer]
 
* Shigeru Kobayashi [http://www.iamas.ac.jp/E/index.html IAMAS] [http://funnel.cc Funnel] [http://gainer.cc Gainer]
 +
* Simon Gao [https://www.pcbway.com/ PCBWay]
 +
* Simon Gao [https://www.pcbastore.com/ pcbastore]
 
* Simone Marzulli [http://onioncoding.altervista.org Onioncoding]
 
* Simone Marzulli [http://onioncoding.altervista.org Onioncoding]
 
* Stacy L. Devino, [http://doesitpew.blogspot.com/ Does it Pew?][http://www.stacydevino.com/ aka childofthehorn]
 
* Stacy L. Devino, [http://doesitpew.blogspot.com/ Does it Pew?][http://www.stacydevino.com/ aka childofthehorn]
Line 422: Line 513:
 
* Steve Gifford, [http://www.chipstobits.com Chips To Bits]
 
* Steve Gifford, [http://www.chipstobits.com Chips To Bits]
 
* Steve Hoefer [http://grathio.com/ Grathio Labs]
 
* Steve Hoefer [http://grathio.com/ Grathio Labs]
 +
* Steven Brown [https://www.makerstore.com.au/  Maker Store (AU and USA)]
 
* Stewart Dickson [http://makerspaceu.org  Makerspace-Urbana]
 
* Stewart Dickson [http://makerspaceu.org  Makerspace-Urbana]
 
* Tassos Natsakis [http://kuleuven.be KU Leuven]
 
* Tassos Natsakis [http://kuleuven.be KU Leuven]
* Taylor Alexander [http://flutterwireless.com Flutter Wireless]
 
 
* Terry King, [http://www.arduino-direct.com/sunshop/ YourDuino.com]  
 
* Terry King, [http://www.arduino-direct.com/sunshop/ YourDuino.com]  
 
* Thalis Antunes [http://www.facit.edu.br FACIT]
 
* Thalis Antunes [http://www.facit.edu.br FACIT]
 
* Theodore Ullrich, [http://tomorrow-lab.com Tomorrow Lab™]
 
* Theodore Ullrich, [http://tomorrow-lab.com Tomorrow Lab™]
 
* Thomas Gokey, [http://thomasgokey.com/ artist]
 
* Thomas Gokey, [http://thomasgokey.com/ artist]
* Thomas McGahee--[[Special:Contributions/206.41.39.34|206.41.39.34]] 13:20, 18 May 2014 (EDT)
 
 
* Tim Lossen, [http://evercu.be Evercube]
 
* Tim Lossen, [http://evercu.be Evercube]
 
* Tom Igoe, [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino] [http://itp.nyu.edu ITP, NYU]
 
* Tom Igoe, [http://www.arduino.cc Arduino] [http://itp.nyu.edu ITP, NYU]
Line 439: Line 529:
 
* Tushar Makwana, [http://www.explorelabs.com/ Explore Labs]
 
* Tushar Makwana, [http://www.explorelabs.com/ Explore Labs]
 
* Usman Haque, [http://www.pachube.com/ Pachube]
 
* Usman Haque, [http://www.pachube.com/ Pachube]
* Victor Christiansenn, [https://www.secpoint.com SecPoint]
 
* Victor Perin, [http://www.nerdhitech.com.br Nerd Hi-Tech]
 
 
* Viento [http://flydendeby.dk/ Floating City Copenhagen]
 
* Viento [http://flydendeby.dk/ Floating City Copenhagen]
 
* Vlad Trifa, [http://www.webofthings.com Web of Things] [http://vladtrifa.com ETH Zurich]
 
* Vlad Trifa, [http://www.webofthings.com Web of Things] [http://vladtrifa.com ETH Zurich]
Line 446: Line 534:
 
* Will Pickering, [http://www.FunGizmos.com FunGizmos]
 
* Will Pickering, [http://www.FunGizmos.com FunGizmos]
 
* William Morris, [http://www.iheartrobotics.com I Heart Robotics]/[http://www.iheartengineering.com I Heart Engineering]
 
* William Morris, [http://www.iheartrobotics.com I Heart Robotics]/[http://www.iheartengineering.com I Heart Engineering]
* William Zain, [http://www.motionbooth.com.au/ Motionbooth Australia]
+
* Benimle Söyle 1.Bölüm izle [https://www.diziizlefull1.com/benimle-soyle-1-bolum-izle-s59]
 
* Wim Vandeputte, [http://kd85.com kd85]
 
* Wim Vandeputte, [http://kd85.com kd85]
 
* Windell Oskay, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 
* Windell Oskay, [http://evilmadscience.com/ Evil Mad Science]
 
* Yannick Avelino, [http://www.electrolab.fr/ Electrolab]
 
* Yannick Avelino, [http://www.electrolab.fr/ Electrolab]
 
* Yoonseo Kang, [http://opentechforever.com/ Open Tech Forever]
 
* Yoonseo Kang, [http://opentechforever.com/ Open Tech Forever]
* Xavier Leonard, [http://www.XdotL.com/ X.L]
+
* Yoonseok Pyo, [http://www.robotis.com/ ROBOTIS]
 
* Zhang Dong,[http://www.homemode.me HOMEMODE]
 
* Zhang Dong,[http://www.homemode.me HOMEMODE]
 +
* Chris Liu, [http://www.oshw.com oshw.com]
 +
* Michelle Fu [https://www.ourpcb.com ourpcb.com]
 +
* Aile Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/aile-filmleri]
 +
* Aksiyon Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/aksiyon-macera-filmleri]
 +
* Animasyon Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/animasyon-filmleri]
 +
* Bilim Kurgu Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/bilimkurgu-filmleri]
 +
* Biyografi Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/biyografi-filmleri]
 +
* Dram Filmleri, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/dram-filmleri]
 +
* Fantastik Filmler, [https://www.johoraccountant.com/fantastik-filmler]
 +
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* Vizyon Filmleri[https://www.johoraccountant.com]
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* Amyfu [http://www.customwiringloom.com customwiringloom.com]
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* Yannick Roels [http://www.cultureghem.be/ cultureghem]
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* Austin Clinton [https://www.wiringo.com wiringo.com]
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* Felix Law [https://www.allchips.ai Allchips.ai]
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* Bean zheng [http://www.pcbgogo.com/y PCBA Turnkey Service]
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* Leo Chen [https://www.lhd-pcb.com/ LHD PCB]
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* Kofi Lew, [https://buddydiy.com BuddyDIY]
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* Mr Zhou, [https://www.freewingmodel.net Freewing Model]
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* Zeqing Luo, [https://www.makerfabs.com Makerfabs]
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* Sam Fang, [https://www.diamante-tech.com/ Body Worn Camera]
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* Majon NOJAM, [https://frisuren-mittellang.com Frisuren 2020]

Latest revision as of 05:34, 24 January 2020

This page hosts the current proposed Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles and Definition v1.0. The statement of principles is a high-level overview of the ideals of open-source hardware. The definition is an attempt to apply those ideals to a standard by which to evaluate licenses for hardware designs.

To endorse the Open Source Hardware Definition 1.0, please add your name (and affiliation) below.

Older drafts of the definition are also available.

Compiled community feedback from previous versions of the Definition can be found [1]

If you would like to propose changes to the statement of principles or definition, please do so on the work-in-progress draft. And, please edit while signed in, not anonymously.


Please join the conversation about the definition [2]

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Statement of Principles 1.0[edit]

Open source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design. The hardware's source, the design from which it is made, is available in the preferred format for making modifications to it. Ideally, open source hardware uses readily-available components and materials, standard processes, open infrastructure, unrestricted content, and open-source design tools to maximize the ability of individuals to make and use hardware. Open source hardware gives people the freedom to control their technology while sharing knowledge and encouraging commerce through the open exchange of designs.

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Definition 1.0[edit]

OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 is based on the Open Source Definition for Open Source Software and [3]. The definition is derived from the Open Source Definition, which was created by Bruce Perens and the Debian developers as the Debian Free Software Guidelines. Videos and Documentation of the Opening Hardware workshop which kicked off the below definition are available here. Please join the conversation about the definition here

Introduction

Open Source Hardware (OSHW) is a term for tangible artifacts -- machines, devices, or other physical things -- whose design has been released to the public in such a way that anyone can make, modify, distribute, and use those things. This definition is intended to help provide guidelines for the development and evaluation of licenses for Open Source Hardware.

Hardware is different from software in that physical resources must always be committed for the creation of physical goods. Accordingly, persons or companies producing items ("products") under an OSHW license have an obligation to make it clear that such products are not manufactured, sold, warrantied, or otherwise sanctioned by the original designer and also not to make use of any trademarks owned by the original designer.

The distribution terms of Open Source Hardware must comply with the following criteria:

1. Documentation

The hardware must be released with documentation including design files, and must allow modification and distribution of the design files. Where documentation is not furnished with the physical product, there must be a well-publicized means of obtaining this documentation for no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably downloading via the Internet without charge. The documentation must include design files in the preferred format for making changes, for example the native file format of a CAD program. Deliberately obfuscated design files are not allowed. Intermediate forms analogous to compiled computer code -- such as printer-ready copper artwork from a CAD program -- are not allowed as substitutes. The license may require that the design files are provided in fully-documented, open format(s).

2. Scope

The documentation for the hardware must clearly specify what portion of the design, if not all, is being released under the license.

3. Necessary Software

If the licensed design requires software, embedded or otherwise, to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions, then the license may require that one of the following conditions are met:

a) The interfaces are sufficiently documented such that it could reasonably be considered straightforward to write open source software that allows the device to operate properly and fulfill its essential functions. For example, this may include the use of detailed signal timing diagrams or pseudocode to clearly illustrate the interface in operation.


4. Derived Works

The license shall allow modifications and derived works, and shall allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original work. The license shall allow for the manufacture, sale, distribution, and use of products created from the design files, the design files themselves, and derivatives thereof.

5. Free redistribution

The license shall not restrict any party from selling or giving away the project documentation. The license shall not require a royalty or other fee for such sale. The license shall not require any royalty or fee related to the sale of derived works.

6. Attribution

The license may require derived documents, and copyright notices associated with devices, to provide attribution to the licensors when distributing design files, manufactured products, and/or derivatives thereof. The license may require that this information be accessible to the end-user using the device normally, but shall not specify a specific format of display. The license may require derived works to carry a different name or version number from the original design.

7. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups

The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

8. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor

The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the work (including manufactured hardware) in a specific field of endeavor. For example, it must not restrict the hardware from being used in a business, or from being used in nuclear research.

9. Distribution of License

The rights granted by the license must apply to all to whom the work is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

10. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product

The rights granted by the license must not depend on the licensed work being part of a particular product. If a portion is extracted from a work and used or distributed within the terms of the license, all parties to whom that work is redistributed should have the same rights as those that are granted for the original work.

11. License Must Not Restrict Other Hardware or Software

The license must not place restrictions on other items that are aggregated with the licensed work but not derivative of it. For example, the license must not insist that all other hardware sold with the licensed item be open source, nor that only open source software be used external to the device.

12. License Must Be Technology-Neutral

No provision of the license may be predicated on any individual technology, specific part or component, material, or style of interface or use thereof.


Afterword

The signatories of this Open Source Hardware definition recognize that the open source movement represents only one way of sharing information. We encourage and support all forms of openness and collaboration, whether or not they fit this definition.

Licenses and Hardware[edit]

In promoting Open Hardware, it is important to make it clear to designers the extent to which their licenses actually can control their designs. Under U.S. law, and law in many other places, copyright does not apply to electronic designs. Patents do. The result is that an Open Hardware license can in general be used to restrict the plans but not the manufactured devices or even restatements of the same design that are not textual copies of the original. The applicable section of copyright law is 17.102(b), which says:

In no case does copyright protection for an original work of authorship extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.

Translations[edit]

The below translations have been offered by members of the community and should be checked for accuracy and possible language problems.

OSHW/tanawat

Logo repository[edit]

The open source hardware logo lives at [4].

oshw-logo-800-px.png

Endorsements[edit]

OSHW Draft Definition 1.0 has been endorsed by the following persons and/or organization as of Template:TANAWAT/Template:TANAWAT/Template:TANAWAT.

Please feel free to add (your own names) to this section. Listing your affiliation is optional for personal endorsements, and endorsements are presumed to be personal unless the organization name is listed separately.

Please join the conversation about the definition here