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ܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܩܬܝܬ݂ܬܐ
ܐܗܐ ܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܩܬܝܬ݂ܬܐ1.1 ܕܡܕܥܬܐ. ܪܩܡܐ ܕܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܒܕ ܦܐܫ ܚܘܕܬܐ ܐܝܡܢ ܕܡܕܥܬܐ ܦܝܫܐ ܡܛܘܪܬܐ. ܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܡܬܣܝܡܢܬܐ ܕܡܕܥܬܐ ܡܨܝܢܬܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܡܫܟܚܬܗ̇ ܓܘ ܡܕܥܬܐ/ܠܐ ܩܬܝܬ݂ܬܐ. ܚܙܝ ܣܘܥܪܢܐ ܕܣܝܘܡܘܬ݂ܐ ܠܒܫ ܝܬܝܪ ܡܘܕܥܢܘܬ݂ܐ, ܘܚܙܝ ܬܘܪܓܡܐ ܐܢ ܒܥܬ ܗܘܬ ܡܫܘܬܦܐ ܚܕܐ ܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܓܘ ܚܕ ܠܫܢܐ ܐܚܪܢܐ.
ܡܢܬ݂ܐ 1.0

ܓܘܕܡܐ[edit]

ܐܗܐ ܐܫܛܪܐ ܡܕܘܥܐ ܝܠܗ " ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܡܪ̈ܕܘܬܢܝܐ ܚܐܪ̈ܐ " ܐܝܟܼ ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܐܘ ܡܨܚܢܘܬ݂ܐ ܐܝܢܝ ܕܦܐܫ ܩܪܝܐ ܒܚܐܪܘܬܐ، ܥܒ݂ܝܕܐ، ܢܣܝܟ݂ܐ ܘ܆ܐܘ ܫܘܚܠܦܐܘ ܒܝܕ ܐܝܢܝ ܚܕ، ܘܠܡܐ ܢܝܫܐ. ܗ̇ܘ ܐܦ ܐܝܬ ܠܗ ܐܪܝܟ݂ܘܬܐ ܡܬܐܣܪ̈ܢܘܬܐ ܡܪܝ ܦܣܣܐ ܕܝܠܢܝܐ ܐܝܢܝ ܕܡܝܩܪ ܐܘ ܡܣܬܪ ܐܢ̈ܐ ܚܐܪ̈ܘܝܬܐ ܐܣܝ̈ܐ. ܦܘܪܫܘܢܝܐ ܕܡܥܬܐ ܒܝܢܬ݂ ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܚܐܪ̈ܐ, ܘ ܦܣܣ̈ܐ ܚܐܪ̈ܐ ܐܝܢܝ ܕܡܬܡܨܝܢܬܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܠܡܦܠܘܚܐ ܩܐ ܡܣܬܪܢܘܬܐ ܩܢܘܢܝܬܐ ܕܐܝܟܢܝܘܬܐ ܕܚܕ ܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܚܐܪܐ. ܒܕܥܬܐ ܒܢܦ̮ܫܗ ܠܐ ܝܠܗ ܚܕ ܦܣܣܐ; ܗ̇ܘ ܝܠܗ ܚܕ ܡܐܢܐ ܠܫܪܘܪܐ ܒܠܟܐ ܚܕ ܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܐܘ ܦܣܣܐ ܡܬܚܫܒ݂ܢܐ ܝܠܗ "ܚܐܪܐ" ܐܗܐ

ܥܘܬܕܐ[edit]

ܟܢܘܫܝܐ ܘܬܟܢܘܠܘܓ̰ܝܟܝܐ ܫܘܘܫܛܐ ܡܥܒ݂ܘܕܐ ܝܠܗ ܕܗܘܝܐ ܡܬܡܨܝܢܬܐ ܠܓܪܘܣܬܐ ܕܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܕܐ݇ܢܫܘܬܐ ܩܐ ܡܛܐ, ܒܪܐ, ܫܚܠܦ, ܦܪܣ ܘ ܦܠܓܼ ܡܢܘܬ̈ܐ ܦܪ̈ܝܫܐ ܕܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ - ܐܡܢܘܬ݂ܦܘܠܚܢܐ, ܝܝܕܥܬ݂ܐ ܘ ܡܠܦܢܘܬ݂ܐ ܗܘܠ̈ܐ, ܬܚܪܙܬܐ, ܡܐܡܪ̈ܐ - ܒܓܕܝܡܘܬܐ: ܟܠ ܡܢܕܝ ܕܡܬܡܨܝܢܬܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܕܡܬ݂ܝܩܢܐ ܓܘ ܐܣܟܝܡܐ ܕܕܝܓ̰ܝܬܐܠ.ܪܒܐ ܟܢܘܫܝܬ̈ܐ ܐܝܬܠܗܘܢ ܝܠܗܘܢ ܡܫܘܬܐܣܐ ܩܐ ܐܢ̈ܐ ܡܨܝܬ̈ܐ ܚܕܬ̈ܐ ܘܒܪܝܬܐ ܕܚܕ ܥܘܬ݂ܪܐ ܫܘܬܦܝܐ ܕܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܬܢܝ ـ ܡܦܠܚܬܐ.

ܝܬܝܪ ܕܣܝܘܡ̈ܐ ܡܘܕܝ ܕܝܠܝܗ ܚܩܠܝܗܝ ܕܥܒ݂ܘܕܘܬܐ، ܡܘܕܝ ܕܝܠܗ ܒܘܣܡܗ ܐܘ ܕܪܓܼܐ ܕܐܘܡܢܘܬܐ، ܐܝܬܠܗ ܚܕ ܚܘܒܐ ܫܪܫܝܐ ܓܘ ܡܛܐܒ݂ܢܘܬ݂ܐ ܕܚܕ ܛܟ݂ܣܐ ܐܟܘܠܘܓ̰ܝܐ ܐܝܟܐ ܕܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܦܝܫܝ ܒܕܝܩܐ، ܬܢܝ ܡܦܠܚܬܐ ܘܫܩܝܠܐ ܒܐܘܪܚܐ ܒܪܝܢܬܐ . ܟܡܐ ܕܒܫ ܦܫܝܛܐ ܝܠܗ ܩܐ ܬܢܝ ܡܦܠܚܬܐ ܘܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܡܦܘܠܛܐ، ܒܫ ܥܬܝܪܬܐ ܒܕ ܗܘܝܐ ܡܪܕܘܬܢ.

ܫܪܪܬܐ ܕܕܘܝܠܐ ܕܡܪܡܢܘܬܐ ܕܐܗܐ ܛܟ݂ܣܐ ܐܟܘܠܘܓ̰ܝܐ، ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܕܣܝܘܡܘܬܐ ܥܠܝܗܝ ܕܗܘܝܚܐܪ̈ܐ، ܘܒܝܕ ܚܐܪܘܬ݂ܐ ܣܘܟܠܢ ܝܠܗ

܀ ܡܦܠܚܬܐ ܠܚܐܪܘܬܐ ܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܘܣܘܥܪܢܐ ܕܩܢܝܬܐ ܕܝܕܥܬܐ ܡܢܗ̇ ܘܡܒܣܡܬܐ ܒܝܕ ܡܦܠܚܬܗ̇

܀ ܚܐܪܘܬܐ ܠܩܪܝܢܐ ܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܘܣܘܥܪܢܐ ܕܩܢܝܬܐ ܕܝܕܥܬܐ ܡܢܗ̇

܀ ܚܐܪܘܬܐ ܠܥܒ݂ܕܐ ܘܬܢܝ ܦܠܓܼܬܐ ܕܢܘܣܟ݂̈ܐ، ܠܟܠܗ̇ ܐܘ ܚܕܐ ܡܢܬ݂ܐ ܕܡܘܕܥܢܘܬܐ ܐܘ ܡܨܚܢܘܬܐ

܀ ܚܐܪܘܬܐ ܠܥܒ݂ܕܐ ܫܘܚܠܦ̈ܐ ܡܫܘܫܛ̈ܐ، ܘܠܦܓܼܘܝܐ ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܡܦܘܠܛ̈ܐ

ܐܢ ܣܝܘܡܐ ܠܐ ܫܩܠܝ ܣܘܥܪ̈ܢܐ, ܦܘܠܚܢܝܗܝ ܝܠܗ ܡܟܘܣܝܐ ܒܝܕ ܐܝܬܘܬܐ ܕܩܢܘܢ̈ܐ ܙܕܩܬ݂ ܢܘܣܟ݂ܐ, ܐܝܢܝ ܕܒܟܠ ܚܝܠܐ ܟܐ ܬܚܒ ܡܘܕܝ ܐܚܪ̈ܢܐ ܡܨܝ ܘܠܐ ܡܨܝ ܥܒ݂ܕܝ. ܣܝܘܡ̈ܐ ܡܨܝ ܕܥܒ݂ܕܝ ܠܦܘܠܚܢܝܗܝ ܚܐܪܐby ܒܝܢܬ݂ ܚܕ ܡܢܝܢܐ ܕܐܫܛܪ̈ܐ ܩܢܘܢܝ̈ܐ ܝܕܥܝ̈ܐ ܐܝܟܼ ܦܣܣ̈ܐ. ܩܐ ܚܕ ܣܝܘܡܐ, ܦܪܫܬܐ ܕܡܬܒ݂ܝ ܦܘܠܚܢܝܗܝ ܬܚܘܬ ܦܣܣܐ ܚܐܪܐ ܠܐ ܝܠܗ ܣܘܟܠܗ ܕܐܢܝ ܛܠܩܝ ܟܠܝܗܝ ܙܕܩܝܗ̈ܝ, ܐܝܢܐ ܗ̇ܘ ܒܝܗܒ݂ܠ ܚܐܪ̈ܘܬܐ ܣܕܪܬܐ ܒܥܠܠ.

ܐܠܨܝܬܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܕܟܠ ܦܘܠܚܢܐ ܐܝܢܝ ܛܠܝܒܬܐ ܝܠܗ̇ ܕܗܘܝܐ ܡܩܪܒ݂ܬܗ ܚܐܪܐ, ܣܘܥܪܢܐܝܬ ܘܕܠܐ ܚܕ ܩܢܛܐ, ܚܐܪ̈ܘܬܐ ܕܟ݂ܝܪܐ ܒܕܥܒ݂ܪ. ܩܐ ܕܐܗܐ ܩܡܘܕܝ ܐܚܢܢ ܒܝܗܒ݂ܐ ܝܘܚ ܣܚܝܚܘܬܐ ܡܕܥܐ ܕܚܐܪܘܬ݂ܐ ܩܐ ܦܣܣ̈ܐ ܘ ܩܐ ܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܕܣܝܘܡܘܬܐ.

ܬܚܒܬܐ ܕܦܘܠܚܢ̈ܐ ܚܐܪ̈ܐ ܕܡܪܕܘܬܐ[edit]

This is the Definition of Free Cultural Works, and when describing your work, we encourage you to make reference to this definition, as in, "This is a freely licensed work, as explained in the Definition of Free Cultural Works." If you do not like the term "Free Cultural Work," you can use the generic term "Free Content," or refer instead to one of the existing movements that express similar freedoms in more specific contexts. We also encourage you to use the Free Cultural Works logos and buttons, which are in the public domain.

Please be advised that such identification does not actually confer the rights described in this definition; for your work to be truly free, it must use one of the Free Culture Licenses or be in the public domain.

We discourage you to use other terms to identify Free Cultural Works which do not convey a clear definition of freedom, such as "Open Content" and "Open Access." These terms are often used to refer to content which is available under "less restrictive" terms than those of existing copyright laws, or even for works that are just "available on the Web".

Defining Free Culture Licenses[edit]

Licenses are legal instruments through which the owner of certain legal rights may transfer these rights to third parties. Free Culture Licenses do not take any rights away -- they are always optional to accept, and if accepted, they grant freedoms which copyright law alone does not provide. When accepted, they never limit or reduce existing exemptions in copyright laws.

Essential freedoms[edit]

In order to be recognized as "free" under this definition, a license must grant the following freedoms without limitation:

  • The freedom to use and perform the work: The licensee must be allowed to make any use, private or public, of the work. For kinds of works where it is relevant, this freedom should include all derived uses ("related rights") such as performing or interpreting the work. There must be no exception regarding, for example, political or religious considerations.
  • The freedom to study the work and apply the information: The licensee must be allowed to examine the work and to use the knowledge gained from the work in any way. The license may not, for example, restrict "reverse engineering".
  • The freedom to redistribute copies: Copies may be sold, swapped or given away for free, as part of a larger work, a collection, or independently. There must be no limit on the amount of information that can be copied. There must also not be any limit on who can copy the information or on where the information can be copied.
  • The freedom to distribute derivative works: In order to give everyone the ability to improve upon a work, the license must not limit the freedom to distribute a modified version (or, for physical works, a work somehow derived from the original), regardless of the intent and purpose of such modifications. However, some restrictions may be applied to protect these essential freedoms or the attribution of authors (see below).

Permissible restrictions[edit]

Not all restrictions on the use or distribution of works impede essential freedoms. In particular, requirements for attribution, for symmetric collaboration (i.e., "copyleft"), and for the protection of essential freedom are considered permissible restrictions.

Defining Free Cultural Works[edit]

In order to be considered free, a work must be covered by a Free Culture License, or its legal status must provide the same essential freedoms enumerated above. It is not, however, a sufficient condition. Indeed, a specific work may be non-free in other ways that restrict the essential freedoms. These are the additional conditions in order for a work to be considered free:

  • Availability of source data: Where a final work has been obtained through the compilation or processing of a source file or multiple source files, all underlying source data should be available alongside the work itself under the same conditions. This can be the score of a musical composition, the models used in a 3D scene, the data of a scientific publication, the source code of a computer application, or any other such information.
  • Use of a free format: For digital files, the format in which the work is made available should not be protected by patents, unless a world-wide, unlimited and irrevocable royalty-free grant is given to make use of the patented technology. While non-free formats may sometimes be used for practical reasons, a free format copy must be available for the work to be considered free.
  • No technical restrictions: The work must be available in a form where no technical measures are used to limit the freedoms enumerated above.
  • No other restrictions or limitations: The work itself must not be covered by legal restrictions (patents, contracts, etc.) or limitations (such as privacy rights) which would impede the freedoms enumerated above. A work may make use of existing legal exemptions to copyright (in order to cite copyrighted works), though only the portions of it which are unambiguously free constitute a free work.

In other words, whenever the user of a work cannot legally or practically exercise his or her basic freedoms, the work cannot be considered and should not be called "free."

Further reading[edit]

  • See Licenses for discussion of individual licenses, and whether they meet this definition or not.
  • See History for acknowledgments and background on this definition.
  • See the FAQ for some questions and answers.
  • See Portal:Index for topic-specific pages about free cultural works.

Versioning[edit]

New versions of this definition shall be released as soon as a consensus (achieved directly or through a vote, as per the authoring process) has developed around suggested changes. Numbering shall be 0.x for initial draft releases, 1.x, 2.x .. for major releases, x.1, x.2 .. for minor releases. A minor release is made when the text is modified in ways which do not have an impact on the scope of existing or hypothetical licenses covered by this definition.